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Article

Study on the Relationship between Leisure Activity Participation and Wearing a Mask among Koreans during COVID-19 Crisis: Using TPB Model

Department of Physical Education, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 06974, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(20), 7674; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17207674
Received: 30 August 2020 / Revised: 10 October 2020 / Accepted: 14 October 2020 / Published: 21 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The World in Crisis: Current Health Issues)
This study utilizes the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) variables—including “attitude,” “subjective norms,” and “perceived behavioral control”—to understand the relationship between mask-wearing behavior and physical/non-physical leisure activity participation in Koreans as well as the tendencies behind mask-wearing intentions within leisure activities. The measurement tools used attitude, subjective norms, control, and mask use intention factors based on the TPB. Overall, 545 individuals participated, and the non-overlapping regions, sex, and age were considered through the stratified sampling method. The survey was conducted online owing to COVID-19, and collected data were derived through descriptive and multiple linear regression analyses. First, a difference in mask-wearing intention based on physical and non-physical leisure activities was identified; second, attitudes and perceived behaviors were considered in light of the dangers posed by COVID-19. It was found that control influences the tendency of intention to wear a mask depending on whether the group was engaged in physical or non-physical activity. Therefore, it can be stated that mask-wearing must be mandatory during physical and non-physical activities owing to respiratory diseases such as COVID-19. It is also important to simultaneously promote a positive attitude toward mask-wearing to enable people to believe that they can stay in full control of their own health. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; Theory of Planned Behavior; wearing a mask; leisure; physical activity; non-physical activity COVID-19; Theory of Planned Behavior; wearing a mask; leisure; physical activity; non-physical activity
MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, Y.-J.; Cho, J.-h.; Kang, S.-W. Study on the Relationship between Leisure Activity Participation and Wearing a Mask among Koreans during COVID-19 Crisis: Using TPB Model. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7674. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17207674

AMA Style

Kim Y-J, Cho J-h, Kang S-W. Study on the Relationship between Leisure Activity Participation and Wearing a Mask among Koreans during COVID-19 Crisis: Using TPB Model. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(20):7674. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17207674

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Young-Jae, Jeong-hyung Cho, and Seung-Woo Kang. 2020. "Study on the Relationship between Leisure Activity Participation and Wearing a Mask among Koreans during COVID-19 Crisis: Using TPB Model" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 20: 7674. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17207674

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