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A Serial Mediation Model of the Relationship between Cybervictimization and Cyberaggression: The Role of Stress and Unforgiveness Motivations

1
Department of Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment at the University of Granada, 51001 Campus Ceuta, Spain
2
Department of Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment at the University of Malaga, 29071 Malaga, Spain
3
Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 7966; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17217966
Received: 21 September 2020 / Revised: 26 October 2020 / Accepted: 27 October 2020 / Published: 29 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Psychological Well-being: Cyberbullying & Internet Use)
Cyberaggression is often triggered by cybervictimization. However, little attention has been given to the underlying mechanisms in this relationship. Specifically, this study examined the mediating roles of stress as well as unforgiveness (i.e., revenge and avoidance motivations) in the cybervictimization-cyberbullying aggression link. The main goal is to investigate the direct and indirect effects of cybervictimization on cyberbullying aggression while modeling a process in which cybervictimization causes stress, which in turn causes unforgiveness motivations concluding with cyberbullying aggression as the consequent. A total of 979 adolescents (Mage = 13.72, SD = 1.31) completed the relevant scales at two time points spaced four months apart. The results confirm that stress and revenge motivation at Time 1 act as serial mediators between cybervictimization at Time 1 and cyberbullying behaviors at Time 2. Additionally, the results reveal that avoidance at Time 1 was not a significant mediator in the links between cybervictimization at Time 1 and cyberbullying aggression at Time 2. Our findings provide support for the stress-and-coping model of forgiveness in adolescence and offer original insight into the developmental process of bully-victims in cyberbullying context. These results suggest the importance of efforts addressing motivations and emotion-focused coping strategies in adolescents who have been bullied to prevent and reduce those adolescents’ future stress and aggressive behaviors. The contributions and implications of the results are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyberbullying; aggression; victimization; stress; unforgiveness motivations; stress-and-coping cyberbullying; aggression; victimization; stress; unforgiveness motivations; stress-and-coping
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MDPI and ACS Style

Quintana-Orts, C.; Rey, L.; Chamizo-Nieto, M.T.; Worthington, E.L., Jr. A Serial Mediation Model of the Relationship between Cybervictimization and Cyberaggression: The Role of Stress and Unforgiveness Motivations. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7966. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17217966

AMA Style

Quintana-Orts C, Rey L, Chamizo-Nieto MT, Worthington EL Jr. A Serial Mediation Model of the Relationship between Cybervictimization and Cyberaggression: The Role of Stress and Unforgiveness Motivations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):7966. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17217966

Chicago/Turabian Style

Quintana-Orts, Cirenia, Lourdes Rey, María T. Chamizo-Nieto, and Everett L. Worthington Jr. 2020. "A Serial Mediation Model of the Relationship between Cybervictimization and Cyberaggression: The Role of Stress and Unforgiveness Motivations" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 21: 7966. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17217966

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