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Article

Why Do Some Spanish Nursing Students with Menstrual Pain Fail to Consult Healthcare Professionals?

1
Department of Nursing, University of Huelva, 21071 Huelva, Spain
2
Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Francisco de Vitoria, Crta. Pozuelo-Majadahonda km 1800, Pozuelo de Alarcón, 28223 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 8173; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17218173
Received: 22 September 2020 / Revised: 3 November 2020 / Accepted: 4 November 2020 / Published: 5 November 2020
Dysmenorrhea is a problem that affects a large percentage of young women worldwide. Alarmingly, the majority of these women choose to self-medicate rather than consult a healthcare professional, despite the risks involved. The present study aimed to explore the reasons why undergraduate nursing students do not consult health care professionals regarding their menstrual pain. A qualitative study was conducted using an open question: “Why didn’t you consult a healthcare professional?” within the context of a research project on primary dysmenorrhea among nursing students at the University of Huelva, Spain. The responses of 202 women were analyzed using content analysis. Three categories were identified: assessment of the pain experienced, expectations, and experiences of professional care and selfcare. We found a striking normalization of the problem; notably, students downplayed the importance of the problem, considering that it was not worth consulting a physician. Furthermore, there was a notable degree of self-medication using non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs). These results may be useful for orienting policies to raise social awareness of this problem and for designing health education strategies aimed at women with primary dysmenorrhea. View Full-Text
Keywords: dysmenorrhea; menstrual pain; qualitative research; pain management dysmenorrhea; menstrual pain; qualitative research; pain management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ramos-Pichardo, J.D.; Ortega-Galán, Á.M.; Iglesias-López, M.T.; Abreu-Sánchez, A.; Fernández-Martínez, E. Why Do Some Spanish Nursing Students with Menstrual Pain Fail to Consult Healthcare Professionals? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8173. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17218173

AMA Style

Ramos-Pichardo JD, Ortega-Galán ÁM, Iglesias-López MT, Abreu-Sánchez A, Fernández-Martínez E. Why Do Some Spanish Nursing Students with Menstrual Pain Fail to Consult Healthcare Professionals? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):8173. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17218173

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ramos-Pichardo, Juan D., Ángela M. Ortega-Galán, María T. Iglesias-López, Ana Abreu-Sánchez, and Elia Fernández-Martínez. 2020. "Why Do Some Spanish Nursing Students with Menstrual Pain Fail to Consult Healthcare Professionals?" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 21: 8173. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17218173

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