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Article

Prediction of Somatotype from Bioimpedance Analysis in Elite Youth Soccer Players

1
Department for Life Quality Studies, University of Bologna, 47921 Rimini, Italy
2
Faculdade de Educação Física e Desporto, Universidade Lusófona, 1749-024 Lisboa, Portugal
3
CIPER—Interdisciplinary Center for the Study of Human Performance, Faculty Human Kinetics, University of Lisbon, 1495-751 Lisboa, Portugal
4
Bioperformance & Nutrition Research Unit, Ingrediente Métrico S.A., 2740-262 Lisbon, Portugal
5
School of Health and Caring Sciences, University of West Attica, 12243 Athens, Greece
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Department of Kinesiology and Public Health Education, Hyslop Sports Center, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND 58202, USA
7
Department of clinical research and development, Akern Ltd., 56121 Pisa, Italy
8
Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 8176; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17218176
Received: 30 September 2020 / Revised: 23 October 2020 / Accepted: 28 October 2020 / Published: 5 November 2020
The accurate body composition assessment comprises several variables, causing it to be a time consuming evaluation as well as requiring different and sometimes costly measurement instruments. The aim of this study was to develop new equations for the somatotype prediction, reducing the number of normal measurements required by the Heath and Carter approach. A group of 173 male soccer players (age, 13.6 ± 2.2 years, mean ± standard deviation; body mass index, BMI, 19.9 ± 2.5 kg/m2), members of the academy of a professional Italian soccer team participating in the first division (Serie A), participated in this study. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) was performed using the single frequency of 50 kHz and fat-free mass (FFM) was calculated using a BIA specific, impedance based equation. Somatotype components were estimated according to the Heath-Carter method. The participants were randomly split into development (n = 117) and validation groups (n = 56). New anthropometric and BIA based models were developed (endomorphy = −1.953 − 0.011 × stature2/resistance + 0.135 × BMI + 0.232 × triceps skinfold, R2 = 0.86, SEE = 0.28; mesomorphy = 6.848 + 0.138 × phase angle + 0.232 × contracted arm circumference + 0.166 × calf circumference − 0.093 × stature, R2 = 0.87, SEE = 0.40; ectomorphy = −5.592 − 38.237 × FFM/stature + 0.123 × stature, R2 = 0.86, SEE = 0.37). Cross validation revealed R2 of 0.84, 0.80, and 0.87 for endomorphy, mesomorphy, and ectomorphy, respectively. The new proposed equations allow for the integration of the somatotype assessment into BIA, reducing the number of collected measurements, the instruments used, and the time normally required to obtain a complete body composition analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: anthropometry; BIA; body composition; football; predictive equation anthropometry; BIA; body composition; football; predictive equation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Campa, F.; Matias, C.N.; Nikolaidis, P.T.; Lukaski, H.; Talluri, J.; Toselli, S. Prediction of Somatotype from Bioimpedance Analysis in Elite Youth Soccer Players. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8176. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17218176

AMA Style

Campa F, Matias CN, Nikolaidis PT, Lukaski H, Talluri J, Toselli S. Prediction of Somatotype from Bioimpedance Analysis in Elite Youth Soccer Players. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):8176. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17218176

Chicago/Turabian Style

Campa, Francesco, Catarina N. Matias, Pantelis T. Nikolaidis, Henry Lukaski, Jacopo Talluri, and Stefania Toselli. 2020. "Prediction of Somatotype from Bioimpedance Analysis in Elite Youth Soccer Players" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 21: 8176. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17218176

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