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Article

Trajectories of Depressive Symptoms among Multicultural Adolescents in Korea: Longitudinal Analysis Using Latent Class Growth Model

1
Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Ulsan 44610, Korea
2
College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul 03080, Korea
3
Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul 03080, Korea
4
Center for Human-Caring Nurse Leaders for the Future by Brain Korea 21 (BK 21) four project, Seoul National University, Seoul 03080, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 8217; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17218217
Received: 17 September 2020 / Revised: 29 October 2020 / Accepted: 5 November 2020 / Published: 6 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Health and Wellbeing of Migrant Populations)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the trajectory of depressive symptoms in multicultural adolescents using longitudinal data, and to identify predictive factors related to depressive symptoms of multicultural adolescents using latent class analysis. We used six time-point data derived from the 2012 to 2017 Multicultural Adolescents Panel Study (MAPS). Latent growth curve modeling was used to assess the overall features of depressive symptom trajectories in multicultural adolescents, and latent class growth modeling was used to determine the number and shape of trajectories. We applied multinomial logistic regression analysis to each class to explore predictive factors. We found that the overall slope of depressive symptoms in multicultural adolescents increased. Latent class analysis demonstrated three classes: (1) high-increasing class (i.e., high intercept, significantly increasing slope), (2) moderate-increasing class (i.e., moderate intercept, significantly increasing slope), and (3) low-stable class (i.e., low intercept, no significant slope). In particular, we found that the difference in the initial intercept of depressive symptoms determined the subsequent trajectory. There is a need for early screening for depressive symptoms in multicultural adolescents and preparing individual mental health care plans. View Full-Text
Keywords: depression; adolescent; cultural diversity; migrants; latent class analysis; multicultural adolescents; panel survey; MAPS depression; adolescent; cultural diversity; migrants; latent class analysis; multicultural adolescents; panel survey; MAPS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Song, M.K.; Yoon, J.Y.; Kim, E. Trajectories of Depressive Symptoms among Multicultural Adolescents in Korea: Longitudinal Analysis Using Latent Class Growth Model. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8217. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17218217

AMA Style

Song MK, Yoon JY, Kim E. Trajectories of Depressive Symptoms among Multicultural Adolescents in Korea: Longitudinal Analysis Using Latent Class Growth Model. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):8217. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17218217

Chicago/Turabian Style

Song, Min K., Ju Y. Yoon, and Eunjoo Kim. 2020. "Trajectories of Depressive Symptoms among Multicultural Adolescents in Korea: Longitudinal Analysis Using Latent Class Growth Model" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 21: 8217. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17218217

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