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Article

Support and Emotional Well-Being of Asylum Seekers and Refugees in Spain

1
Department of Translation and Intercultural Communication, Faculty of Social Sciences, European University of Valencia, 46021 Valencia, Spain
2
Department of Personality, Psychological Assessment and Treatments, Faculty of Psychology, University of Valencia, 46021 Valencia, Spain
3
Department of Social Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Valencia, 46021 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(22), 8365; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17228365
Received: 11 September 2020 / Revised: 28 October 2020 / Accepted: 10 November 2020 / Published: 12 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Health and Wellbeing of Migrant Populations)
Although the world’s forcibly displaced population reached 79.5 million in 2019, their difficult situations and the issues they struggle with remain practically invisible in Spanish society. Therefore, it seems necessary to provide greater insight into an invisible reality to improve the refugees’ situation. The present cross-sectional study aims to draw a general profile of refugees’ and asylum seekers’ main characteristics in Spain and their well-being. A total of 186 refugees living in Spain participated. An ad-hoc questionnaire was administered to obtain data regarding sociodemographic profile, language skills, and social and institutional support. A standardized instrument, SPANE, was used to measure well-being. It can be seen that healthcare, followed by legal aid, are the easiest to access. On the other hand, finding a job, having money, and finding housing are the most difficult. In general, it seems possible to say that the refugees present more positive feelings than negative ones, which implies a positive emotional balance, although the average score obtained for emotional balance is quite far from the highest possible score. We consider this to be a pivotal first step which can provide useful information for the further design of aid strategies to improve this vulnerable group’s situation. View Full-Text
Keywords: refugees; asylum-seekers; well-being; Spain; sociodemographic profile; linguistic knowledge refugees; asylum-seekers; well-being; Spain; sociodemographic profile; linguistic knowledge
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MDPI and ACS Style

León-Pinilla, R.; Soto-Rubio, A.; Prado-Gascó, V. Support and Emotional Well-Being of Asylum Seekers and Refugees in Spain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8365. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17228365

AMA Style

León-Pinilla R, Soto-Rubio A, Prado-Gascó V. Support and Emotional Well-Being of Asylum Seekers and Refugees in Spain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(22):8365. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17228365

Chicago/Turabian Style

León-Pinilla, Ruth, Ana Soto-Rubio, and Vicente Prado-Gascó. 2020. "Support and Emotional Well-Being of Asylum Seekers and Refugees in Spain" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 22: 8365. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17228365

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