Next Article in Journal
Arsenic in Soils Affected by Mining: Microscopic Studies vs. Sequential Chemical Extraction
Previous Article in Journal
Food Insecurity in the Post-Hurricane Harvey Setting: Risks and Resources in the Midst of Uncertainty
Article

Clinical and Obstetric Risk Factors for Postnatal Depression in HIV Positive Women: A Cross Sectional Study in Health Facilities in Rural KwaZulu-Natal

Department of Public Health, School of Health Care Sciences, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(22), 8425; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17228425
Received: 22 October 2020 / Revised: 6 November 2020 / Accepted: 9 November 2020 / Published: 14 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Women's Health)
Postnatal depression (PND) remains underdiagnosed and undertreated in different socio-economic backgrounds in South Africa. This study determined the prevalence of and clinical and obstetric risk factors for PND symptoms among HIV positive women in health facilities in a rural health district in South Africa. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale was used to measure PND from 386 women who had delivered a live infant. More than half (58.5%) tested HIV positive during the current pregnancy. The prevalence of PND symptoms was 42.5%. Logistic regression analysis yielded significant associations between clinical and obstetric variables of pre-term baby (p-value < 0.01), baby health status p-value < 0.01), baby hospitalization, (p-value < 0.01), and knowing the baby’s HIV status (p-value = 0.047). Maternal variables associated with PND were level of education (p-value < 0.01), monthly income (p-value < 0.01), and source of income (p-value = 0.05). At multivariate analysis, none of the clinical and obstetrical risk factors were independently associated with the PND. The high prevalence of PND symptoms underscore the need to integrate routine screening for PND in prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV programmes to enable early diagnosing and treatment of PND. View Full-Text
Keywords: South Africa; rural; HIV; maternal health; postnatal depression; PMTCT; mental health South Africa; rural; HIV; maternal health; postnatal depression; PMTCT; mental health
MDPI and ACS Style

Mbatha, N.L.; Mokwena, K.E.; Madiba, S. Clinical and Obstetric Risk Factors for Postnatal Depression in HIV Positive Women: A Cross Sectional Study in Health Facilities in Rural KwaZulu-Natal. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8425. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17228425

AMA Style

Mbatha NL, Mokwena KE, Madiba S. Clinical and Obstetric Risk Factors for Postnatal Depression in HIV Positive Women: A Cross Sectional Study in Health Facilities in Rural KwaZulu-Natal. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(22):8425. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17228425

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mbatha, Nontokozo L., Kebogile E. Mokwena, and Sphiwe Madiba. 2020. "Clinical and Obstetric Risk Factors for Postnatal Depression in HIV Positive Women: A Cross Sectional Study in Health Facilities in Rural KwaZulu-Natal" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 22: 8425. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17228425

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop