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Article

The Nursing Stress Scale-Spanish Version: An Update to Its Psychometric Properties and Validation of a Short-form Version in Acute Care Hospital Settings

1
Faculty of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podiatry, University of Seville, 41009 Seville, Spain
2
Research Group under the Andalusian Research, Development and Innovation Scheme CTS-1019 Complex Care, Chronic and Health Outcomes, Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBIS), 41013 Seville, Spain
3
Hospital Vithas Sevilla, Avda. Plácido Fernández Viagas, s/n PC, Castilleja de la Cuesta, 41950 Seville, Spain
4
Hospital Virgen del Rocío, Av. Manuel Siurot, S/n, 41013 Seville, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(22), 8456; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17228456
Received: 17 October 2020 / Revised: 8 November 2020 / Accepted: 12 November 2020 / Published: 15 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Instruments for Measuring Health)
Stressful working conditions are correlated with a negative impact on the well-being of nurses, job satisfaction, quality of patient care and the health of the staff. The Nursing Stress Scale (NSS) has been shown to be a valid and reliable instrument to assess occupational stressors among nurses. This study updates the psychometric properties of the “NSS-Spanish version” and validates a short-form version. A cross-sectional design was carried out for this study. A reliability analysis and a confirmatory factor analysis and an exploratory factor analysis were undertaken. Items were systematically identified for reduction using statistical and theoretical analysis. Correlation testing and criterion validity confirmed scale equivalence. A total of 2195 Registered Nurses and 1914 Licensed Practical Nurses were enrolled. The original 34-item scale obtained a good internal consistency but an unsatisfactory confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis. The short-form Nursing Stress Scale (11-items) obtained a good internal consistency for Registered Nurses (α = 0.83) and for Licensed Practical Nurses (α = 0.79). Both Nursing Stress Scales obtained a strong correlation for Registered Nurses (rho = 0.904) and for Licensed Practical Nurses (rho = 0.888). The 11-item version of the Nursing Stress Scale is a valid and reliable scale to assess stress perception among Registered Nurses and Licensed Practical Nurses. Its short-form nature improves the psychometric properties and the feasibility of the tool. View Full-Text
Keywords: hospital; nursing staff; occupational stress; working conditions; assessment tools; validation; instrument development; psychometric assessment; questionnaires hospital; nursing staff; occupational stress; working conditions; assessment tools; validation; instrument development; psychometric assessment; questionnaires
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MDPI and ACS Style

Porcel-Gálvez, A.M.; Barrientos-Trigo, S.; Bermúdez-García, S.; Fernández-García, E.; Bueno-Ferrán, M.; Badanta, B. The Nursing Stress Scale-Spanish Version: An Update to Its Psychometric Properties and Validation of a Short-form Version in Acute Care Hospital Settings. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8456. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17228456

AMA Style

Porcel-Gálvez AM, Barrientos-Trigo S, Bermúdez-García S, Fernández-García E, Bueno-Ferrán M, Badanta B. The Nursing Stress Scale-Spanish Version: An Update to Its Psychometric Properties and Validation of a Short-form Version in Acute Care Hospital Settings. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(22):8456. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17228456

Chicago/Turabian Style

Porcel-Gálvez, Ana M., Sergio Barrientos-Trigo, Sara Bermúdez-García, Elena Fernández-García, Mercedes Bueno-Ferrán, and Bárbara Badanta. 2020. "The Nursing Stress Scale-Spanish Version: An Update to Its Psychometric Properties and Validation of a Short-form Version in Acute Care Hospital Settings" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 22: 8456. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17228456

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