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Article

Time Course and Determinants of Individual Motivation among Women Enrolled in a Diet and Physical Activity Primary Prevention Trial

1
Cancer Risk Factors and Life-Style Epidemiology Unit, Institute for Cancer Research, Prevention and Clinical Network (ISPRO), 50139 Florence, Italy
2
The Italian League Against Tumors (LILT), Oncological Rehabilitation Centre (CeRiOn), 50139 Florence, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(22), 8589; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17228589
Received: 26 October 2020 / Revised: 13 November 2020 / Accepted: 18 November 2020 / Published: 19 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management and Promotion of Healthy Habits and Active Life)
We studied the determinants of motivation among post-menopausal women enrolled in a two-year diet and physical activity primary prevention randomized trial. Participants were requested to grade the importance attached to changing their lifestyle, their confidence about being able to implement the change, and their willingness to be involved in studies focusing on lifestyle. We used multi-adjusted regression to investigate the association between individual characteristics, study arm, and individual motivation at study entry and end. Participants (n = 234) were highly motivated both at entry and throughout the study. Women with pre-existing healthier eating habits and lifestyles (e.g., high consumption of fruit and vegetables, low red meat consumption, and physically active) were more motivated at entry and over the course of the study. Women assigned to any intervention arm were more motivated than those in the control arm. These findings may help enhance adherence to recommendations and improve effectiveness of community-based health promotion campaigns. View Full-Text
Keywords: motivation; dietary habits; physical activity levels; primary prevention; randomized intervention trial motivation; dietary habits; physical activity levels; primary prevention; randomized intervention trial
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MDPI and ACS Style

Caini, S.; Assedi, M.; Grechi, E.; Ermini, I.; Zagni, D.; Occhini, D.; Castaldo, M.; Bendinelli, B.; Palli, D.; Masala, G. Time Course and Determinants of Individual Motivation among Women Enrolled in a Diet and Physical Activity Primary Prevention Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8589. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17228589

AMA Style

Caini S, Assedi M, Grechi E, Ermini I, Zagni D, Occhini D, Castaldo M, Bendinelli B, Palli D, Masala G. Time Course and Determinants of Individual Motivation among Women Enrolled in a Diet and Physical Activity Primary Prevention Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(22):8589. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17228589

Chicago/Turabian Style

Caini, Saverio, Melania Assedi, Elisa Grechi, Ilaria Ermini, Donatella Zagni, Daniela Occhini, Maria Castaldo, Benedetta Bendinelli, Domenico Palli, and Giovanna Masala. 2020. "Time Course and Determinants of Individual Motivation among Women Enrolled in a Diet and Physical Activity Primary Prevention Trial" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 22: 8589. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17228589

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