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Article

Regular Leisure-Time Physical Activity is Effective in Boosting Neurotrophic Factors and Alleviating Menopause Symptoms

by 1 and 2,3,*
1
Researcher of Leisure and Recreation, Division of Sport Science, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 24341, Korea
2
Laboratory of Exercise Physiology, Division of Sport Science, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 24341, Korea
3
Interdisciplinary Program in Biohealth-Machinery Convergence Engineering, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 24341, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(22), 8624; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17228624
Received: 16 October 2020 / Revised: 30 October 2020 / Accepted: 19 November 2020 / Published: 20 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise, Health and Disease Management)
Background: The study investigated the effects of regular leisure-time physical activity on the parameters of cognitive function (plasma brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), nerve growth factor (NGF), and cathepsin B) and menopausal symptoms (the climacterium, depression, and cognitive impairment) in obese middle-aged women. Methods: All subjects were middle-aged and obese women (n = 52, % body fat > 30%). The participants were divided into premenopausal (PRM) (n = 18, age = 47.56 ± 6.11 years) and postmenopausal (POM) (n = 34, age = 57.79 ± 5.68 years) groups. The participants completed a survey questionnaire related to depression and the climacterium, as well as cognitive tests. Physical activity was performed for 12 weeks. Blood samples from the forearm vein were analyzed after 12 h of fasting. Blood levels of BDNF, NGF, and cathepsin B were analyzed using an R&D kit. Results: Regular leisure-time physical activity had a positive effect on reducing the percentage of body fat in premenopausal and postmenopausal obese women. In addition, the results of the questionnaire showed that regular exercise had a positive effect on body composition caused by lifestyle change and enhanced psychological stability. The BDNF concentration was significantly lower in postmenopausal than in premenopausal obese women. In addition, regular physical activity significantly increased the cathepsin B and NGF levels in postmenopausal obese women. Conclusions: Continuous leisure-time physical activity improved body composition and neurotrophic factors and alleviated menopausal symptoms in obese Korean women. View Full-Text
Keywords: cognitive function; menopause; BDNF; cathepsin B cognitive function; menopause; BDNF; cathepsin B
MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, B.; Kang, S. Regular Leisure-Time Physical Activity is Effective in Boosting Neurotrophic Factors and Alleviating Menopause Symptoms. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8624. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17228624

AMA Style

Kim B, Kang S. Regular Leisure-Time Physical Activity is Effective in Boosting Neurotrophic Factors and Alleviating Menopause Symptoms. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(22):8624. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17228624

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Boram, and Sunghwun Kang. 2020. "Regular Leisure-Time Physical Activity is Effective in Boosting Neurotrophic Factors and Alleviating Menopause Symptoms" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 22: 8624. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17228624

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