Next Article in Journal
The Effect of Pain Catastrophizing on Depression among Older Korean Adults with Chronic Pain: The Mediating Role of Chronic Pain Interference and Sleep Quality
Next Article in Special Issue
What Is the Relevance in the Passing Action between the Passer and the Receiver in Soccer? Study of Elite Soccer in La Liga
Previous Article in Journal
Do Initial Trunk Impairment, Age, Intervention Onset, and Training Volume Modulate the Effectiveness of Additional Trunk Exercise Programs after Stroke? A Systematic Review with Meta-Analyses
Review

A Systematic Review of Methods and Criteria Standard Proposal for the Use of Principal Component Analysis in Team’s Sports Science

1
Centro de Investigación y Diagnóstico en Salud y Deporte (CIDISAD), Escuela de Ciencias del Movimiento Humano y Calidad de Vida (CIEMHCAVI), Universidad Nacional, Heredia 86-3000, Costa Rica
2
Grupo de Avances en el Entrenamiento Deportivo y Acondicionamiento Físico (GAEDAF), Facultad Ciencias del Deporte, Universidad de Extremadura, 10071 Cáceres, Spain
3
Department of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, International Excellence Campus “Mare Nostrum”, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Murcia, 30720 San Javier, Spain
4
Biovetmed & Sportsci Research Group, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
5
Research Group in Optimization of Training and Sports Performance (GOERD), Department of Didactics of Music, Plastic and Body Expression, Sports Science Faculty, University of Extremadura, 10071 Caceres, Spain
6
Departament of Physical Education and Sport, University of the Basque Country, UPV-EHU, Lasarte 71, 01007 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 8712; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17238712
Received: 4 November 2020 / Revised: 19 November 2020 / Accepted: 21 November 2020 / Published: 24 November 2020
The availability of critical information about training and competition is fundamental on performance. Principal components analysis (PCA) is widely used in sports as a multivariate technique to manage big data from different technological assessments. This systematic review aimed to explore the methods reported and statistical criteria used in team’s sports science and to propose a criteria standard to report PCA in further applications. A systematic electronic search was developed through four electronic databases and a total of 45 studies were included in the review for final analysis. Inclusion criteria: (i) of the studies we looked at, 22.22% performed factorability processes with different retention criteria (r > 0.4–0.7); (ii) 21 studies confirmed sample adequacy using Kaiser-Meyer-Olkim (KMO > 5–8) and 22 reported Bartlett’s sphericity; (iii) factor retention was considered if eigenvalues >1–1.5 (n = 29); (iv) 23 studies reported loading retention (>0.4–0.7); and (v) used VariMax as the rotation method (48.9%). A lack of consistency and serious voids in reporting of essential methodological information was found. Twenty-one items were selected to provide a standard quality criterion to report methods sections when using PCA. These evidence-based criteria will lead to a better understanding and applicability of the results and future study replications. View Full-Text
Keywords: PCA; factor analysis; statistic; big data PCA; factor analysis; statistic; big data
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Rojas-Valverde, D.; Pino-Ortega, J.; Gómez-Carmona, C.D.; Rico-González, M. A Systematic Review of Methods and Criteria Standard Proposal for the Use of Principal Component Analysis in Team’s Sports Science. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8712. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17238712

AMA Style

Rojas-Valverde D, Pino-Ortega J, Gómez-Carmona CD, Rico-González M. A Systematic Review of Methods and Criteria Standard Proposal for the Use of Principal Component Analysis in Team’s Sports Science. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):8712. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17238712

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rojas-Valverde, Daniel, José Pino-Ortega, Carlos D. Gómez-Carmona, and Markel Rico-González. 2020. "A Systematic Review of Methods and Criteria Standard Proposal for the Use of Principal Component Analysis in Team’s Sports Science" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 23: 8712. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17238712

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop