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Article

The Relationship between the Sense of Coherence of Dental Hygiene Students in Their Graduation Year and Their View of the Profession and Attitude to Work: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Japan

1
National Institute of Public Health, Wako, Saitama 351-0197, Japan
2
School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, Ishikari-gun, Hokkaido 061-0293, Japan
3
The Nippon Dental University College at Tokyo, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8159, Japan
4
Oral Diagnosis and General Dentistry, University Hospital of Dentistry, Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8510, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(24), 9594; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17249594
Received: 3 November 2020 / Revised: 15 December 2020 / Accepted: 16 December 2020 / Published: 21 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Services Research on Dentistry in Aged Society)
Objective: The need to make sense of coherence in placement support for student dental hygienists has been shown. On this basis, this study investigated the relationship between the sense of coherence of student dental hygienists and their view of the profession and attitude to work in order to clarify how they perceive their prospects for employment. Methods: The subjects were graduation-year students at all of the dental hygienist training institutions in Japan, and anonymous, self-administered questionnaires were sent to the institutions by post in 2019. The results were analyzed by χ2 tests, as well as one-way analysis of variance and multiple comparisons using Tukey’s test, with the level of significance set at 5%. Results: Of 6270 questionnaires that were returned, 6264 were analyzed. The sense of coherence (SOC) component senses were manageability (F(26,221) = 5306.06, p < 0.01), meaningfulness (F(26,222) = 4373.48, p < 0.01), and comprehensibility (F(26,216) = 3986.12, p < 0.01), with meaningfulness scoring significantly higher than the other two (p < 0.01). Analysis with SOC scores divided into the low, medium, and high groups showed a relationship between the SOC of student dental hygienists and their view of the profession and attitude to work (p < 0.01), such that higher SOC scores were associated with a better view of the profession and a better attitude to work (F(26,225) = 282.18, p < 0.01). Conclusions: The results suggest that education that increases SOC in dental hygienist training programs may positively affect future prospects for student dental hygienists. View Full-Text
Keywords: sense of coherence; view of occupations; view of career; dental hygiene students; exhaustive survey sense of coherence; view of occupations; view of career; dental hygiene students; exhaustive survey
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tano, R.; Miura, H.; Oshima, K.; Noritake, K.; Fukuda, H. The Relationship between the Sense of Coherence of Dental Hygiene Students in Their Graduation Year and Their View of the Profession and Attitude to Work: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Japan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9594. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17249594

AMA Style

Tano R, Miura H, Oshima K, Noritake K, Fukuda H. The Relationship between the Sense of Coherence of Dental Hygiene Students in Their Graduation Year and Their View of the Profession and Attitude to Work: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Japan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(24):9594. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17249594

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tano, Rumi, Hiroko Miura, Katsuo Oshima, Kanako Noritake, and Hideki Fukuda. 2020. "The Relationship between the Sense of Coherence of Dental Hygiene Students in Their Graduation Year and Their View of the Profession and Attitude to Work: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Japan" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 24: 9594. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17249594

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