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Article

Optimization on Personal Fall Arrest Systems. Experimental Dynamic Studies on Lanyard Prototypes

1
Civil Engineering Department, University of Alicante, P.O. Box 99 E-03080 Alicante, Spain
2
Building & Urban Development Department, University of Alicante, P.O. Box 99, E-03080 Alicante, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(3), 1107; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17031107
Received: 28 November 2019 / Revised: 24 January 2020 / Accepted: 6 February 2020 / Published: 10 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Safety and Risks in Construction)
Tens of thousands of fall-from-height accidents take place at construction sites every year. These types of accidents range from minor to fatal, causing a significant financial burden to enterprises, personal and family traumatic experiences, high medical costs, as well as hard compensation claim settlements. It makes sense then, that some sort of effective personal protective equipment (PPE) be devised to stop these types of accidents from happening. This article aims to explain how PPE can be used to minimize personal injury and the costs implied. The main contribution of this study is that the prototypes made with dynamic ropes and terminals knotted—without an energy absorber—could safely retain falls. Results show that standards EN 354 and EN 364 need to incorporate dynamic test requirements, for the reason that a high loading rate significantly reduces the resistance in static tests that manufacturing companies claim they have. Surprisingly, more than 90 percent of work at heights use PPE without any absorber. Finally, this study calls for the need to accurately determine the dynamic response of PPE in order to further advance in improvements of these fall arrest systems with no energy absorber. View Full-Text
Keywords: personal protective equipment; fall arrest systems; dynamic performance test; lanyard; low stretch kernmantle and dynamic rope; webbing personal protective equipment; fall arrest systems; dynamic performance test; lanyard; low stretch kernmantle and dynamic rope; webbing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pomares, J.C.; Carrión, E.Á.; González, A.; Saez, P.I. Optimization on Personal Fall Arrest Systems. Experimental Dynamic Studies on Lanyard Prototypes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1107. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17031107

AMA Style

Pomares JC, Carrión EÁ, González A, Saez PI. Optimization on Personal Fall Arrest Systems. Experimental Dynamic Studies on Lanyard Prototypes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(3):1107. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17031107

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pomares, Juan C., Elena Á. Carrión, Antonio González, and Pedro I. Saez 2020. "Optimization on Personal Fall Arrest Systems. Experimental Dynamic Studies on Lanyard Prototypes" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 3: 1107. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17031107

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