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Article

Job Burnout Among Primary Healthcare Workers in Rural China: A Multilevel Analysis

by 1,2,†, 1,2,†, 1,2, 1,2 and 1,2,*
1
School of Medicine and Health Management, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China
2
Research Centre for Rural Health Service, Key Research Institute of Humanities & Social Sciences of Hubei Provincial Department of Education, Wuhan 430000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(3), 727; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17030727
Received: 9 December 2019 / Revised: 14 January 2020 / Accepted: 15 January 2020 / Published: 22 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Health Psychology)
The health workers in rural primary care systems are at the increasing risk of job burnout. To explore the prevalence and associated factors of the job burnout among the primary healthcare worker in rural China, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among 15,627 participants in 459 township hospitals from six provinces. A combination of stratified multi-stage sampling and cluster sampling method, and a self-administrated questionnaire with the Chinese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Scale (MBI-GS) were used in the investigation. Multilevel regression analyses were used to examine the potential associated factors on both individual and organisational levels. 47.6% of respondents were experiencing moderate burnout, and 3.3% were in severe burnout. Professionals working for over 40 h per week, at young age, with a college degree, and with professional titles at medium or high rank reported a higher degree of job burnout. At the institutional level, the high ratio of performance-based salary was associated with a higher level of depersonalization. Burnout has become prevalent among the primary healthcare workers in rural China, and multiple strategies are needed to reduce the work stress and some high-risk groups’ vulnerability to job burnout. View Full-Text
Keywords: burnout; rural health workforce; primary care; multilevel analysis burnout; rural health workforce; primary care; multilevel analysis
MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, W.; Pan, Z.; Li, Z.; Lu, S.; Zhang, L. Job Burnout Among Primary Healthcare Workers in Rural China: A Multilevel Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 727. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17030727

AMA Style

Xu W, Pan Z, Li Z, Lu S, Zhang L. Job Burnout Among Primary Healthcare Workers in Rural China: A Multilevel Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(3):727. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17030727

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xu, Wanchun, Zijing Pan, Zhong Li, Shan Lu, and Liang Zhang. 2020. "Job Burnout Among Primary Healthcare Workers in Rural China: A Multilevel Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 3: 727. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17030727

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