Next Article in Journal
Examining the Urban and Rural Healthcare Progress in Big Cities of China: Analysis of Monitoring Data in Dalian from 2008 to 2017
Next Article in Special Issue
Age Differences in Occupant Motion during Simulated In-Vehicle Swerving Maneuvers
Previous Article in Journal
Exploring Factors Influencing Injury Severity of Vehicle At-Fault Accidents: A Comparative Analysis of Passenger and Freight Vehicles
Previous Article in Special Issue
Child Posture and Belt Fit in a Range of Booster Configurations
Article

Restraint Factors and Child Passenger Deaths in New South Wales, Australia

by 1,2,3,*, 1,2,3, 1,2, 1,3 and 1,2,3
1
Neuroscience Research Australia, Margarete Ainsworth Building, Barker St, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia
2
The George Institute for Global Health, Level 5, 1 King St, Newtown, NSW 2042, Australia
3
Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Wallace Wurth Building, 18 High St, Kensington, NSW 2052, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(4), 1147; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17041147
Received: 29 December 2019 / Revised: 31 January 2020 / Accepted: 7 February 2020 / Published: 12 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Injury Prevention among Child Occupants)
Inappropriate or incorrect use of child restraints can influence crash injury outcome. This study examined the role of restraint factors in child passenger deaths and the effect of legislation requiring appropriate restraint systems up to 7 years old. Data for child (0–12 years) passenger deaths occurring in New South Wales (NSW) from 2007 to 2016 were collected by the child death review team including photographs, reports of in-depth crash investigation, witness reports and medical reports. Restraint use, type of restraint, appropriateness of the restraint for the age of the child and correctness of restraint use were examined. The primary contributor to death was determined in each case. Sixty-four child passengers died in NSW during the data period. Twenty-nine (29/64, 45%) were properly restrained. Thirteen children (13/64, 20%) were unrestrained. In 20 cases (20/64, 31%), children were using a restraint that was either inappropriate for their age (6) or not used correctly (14). Restraint factors were a primary contributor in 22 (22/64, 34%) child deaths. Compared to pre-legislation, appropriate restraint use was more common post-legislation (13/22. 59% vs. 30/42, 71%). However, incorrect use was also greater (3/22, 14% vs. 11/42, 26%). Interventions targeting increasing restraint use and reduction of common ‘use’ errors are needed to prevent further restraint factor-related deaths. View Full-Text
Keywords: child restraint; crash; injury; fatal; misuse child restraint; crash; injury; fatal; misuse
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Whyte, T.; Albanese, B.; Elkington, J.; Bilston, L.; Brown, J. Restraint Factors and Child Passenger Deaths in New South Wales, Australia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1147. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17041147

AMA Style

Whyte T, Albanese B, Elkington J, Bilston L, Brown J. Restraint Factors and Child Passenger Deaths in New South Wales, Australia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(4):1147. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17041147

Chicago/Turabian Style

Whyte, Tom, Bianca Albanese, Jane Elkington, Lynne Bilston, and Julie Brown. 2020. "Restraint Factors and Child Passenger Deaths in New South Wales, Australia" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 4: 1147. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17041147

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop