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Article

The High-Performance Work System, Employee Voice, and Innovative Behavior: The Moderating Role of Psychological Safety

by 1, 1, 2,* and 3
1
School of Labor Economics, Capital University of Economics and Business, Beijing 100070, China
2
School of Psychological and Cognitive Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
3
School of Foreign Studies, Capital University of Economics and Business, Beijing 100070, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(4), 1150; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17041150
Received: 11 January 2020 / Revised: 7 February 2020 / Accepted: 10 February 2020 / Published: 12 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Work Engagement and Job Crafting)
In this study, we examined the associations of the high-performance work system (HPWS) with employee innovative behavior, and tested a theoretical model in which these associations were mediated by employee voice (promotive and prohibitive voice) and moderated by psychological safety. Matched data were collected from 46 HR (Human Resource) managers and 374 full-time employees from 46 companies in China with multi-source and time-lagged techniques. We found that the HPWS is associated with employee behavior. Both the promotive voice and prohibitive voice partially mediate the relationship between HPWS and employee innovative behavior. Psychological safety moderates the relationship between HPWS and the promotive voice. However, psychological safety does not moderate the relationship between HPWS and the prohibitive voice. Furthermore, psychological safety moderates the mediation effect of the promotive voice between HPWS and employee innovative behavior. We discuss the theoretical and practical implications of these findings. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-performance work system; employee innovative behavior; voice behavior; psychological safety high-performance work system; employee innovative behavior; voice behavior; psychological safety
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MDPI and ACS Style

Miao, R.; Lu, L.; Cao, Y.; Du, Q. The High-Performance Work System, Employee Voice, and Innovative Behavior: The Moderating Role of Psychological Safety. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1150. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17041150

AMA Style

Miao R, Lu L, Cao Y, Du Q. The High-Performance Work System, Employee Voice, and Innovative Behavior: The Moderating Role of Psychological Safety. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(4):1150. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17041150

Chicago/Turabian Style

Miao, Rentao, Lu Lu, Yi Cao, and Qing Du. 2020. "The High-Performance Work System, Employee Voice, and Innovative Behavior: The Moderating Role of Psychological Safety" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 4: 1150. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17041150

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