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Article

Effects of 8-Week Whole-Body Vibration Training on the HbA1c, Quality of Life, Physical Fitness, Body Composition and Foot Health Status in People with T2DM: A Double-Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial

1
Physical Activity and Quality of Life Research Group (AFYCAV), Faculty of Sport Science, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
2
Facultad de Administración y Negocios, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, sede Talca 3467987, Chile
3
Centre for Sport Studies, Rey Juan Carlos University, Fuenlabrada, 28943 Madrid, Spain
4
Health Economy Motricity and Education (HEME), Faculty of Sport Science, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(4), 1317; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17041317
Received: 23 January 2020 / Revised: 10 February 2020 / Accepted: 12 February 2020 / Published: 18 February 2020
The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of an 8-week whole-body vibration (WBV) on the quality of life, physical fitness, body composition, glycosylate hemoglobin (HbA1c), lipid profile, and foot health status in people with type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It was performed as a double-blinded randomized controlled trial of 90 people with T2DM. Primary care facilities were used. The 8-week WBV training consisted of maintaining a knee flexion at 45° during five to nine series of 30–60 s in a vibration frequency that oscillated between 12.5–18.5 and 30 s of recovery between series. The placebo group had to perform the same protocol but without vibration. Participants performed the protocol three times per week. The WBV training significantly reduced the fat mass (%) of people with T2DM. However, significant effects of WBV training were not found in the quality of life, physical fitness, foot health status, lipid profile, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, or HbA1c. Nevertheless, within groups enhances were found in HbA1c, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, foot health status, health-related quality of life, timed-up and go test, and chair-stand test in both WBV and placebo groups. WBV was shown to be beneficial for reducing the fat mass and lipid profile of people with T2DM. The improvements of the placebo group could be due to both the social benefits of enrolling in an intervention and the physical fitness benefits of isometric contractions. Further studies are needed to clarify the effects of WBV and to establish a dose–response relationship in people with T2DM. View Full-Text
Keywords: type II diabetes mellitus; WBV; HbA1c; lipid profile; fasting blood glucose; TUG; fat mass type II diabetes mellitus; WBV; HbA1c; lipid profile; fasting blood glucose; TUG; fat mass
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MDPI and ACS Style

Domínguez-Muñoz, F.J.; Villafaina, S.; García-Gordillo, M.A.; Hernández-Mocholi, M.Á.; Collado-Mateo, D.; Adsuar, J.C.; Gusi, N. Effects of 8-Week Whole-Body Vibration Training on the HbA1c, Quality of Life, Physical Fitness, Body Composition and Foot Health Status in People with T2DM: A Double-Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1317. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17041317

AMA Style

Domínguez-Muñoz FJ, Villafaina S, García-Gordillo MA, Hernández-Mocholi MÁ, Collado-Mateo D, Adsuar JC, Gusi N. Effects of 8-Week Whole-Body Vibration Training on the HbA1c, Quality of Life, Physical Fitness, Body Composition and Foot Health Status in People with T2DM: A Double-Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(4):1317. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17041317

Chicago/Turabian Style

Domínguez-Muñoz, Francisco J., Santos Villafaina, Miguel A. García-Gordillo, Miguel Á. Hernández-Mocholi, Daniel Collado-Mateo, José C. Adsuar, and Narcis Gusi. 2020. "Effects of 8-Week Whole-Body Vibration Training on the HbA1c, Quality of Life, Physical Fitness, Body Composition and Foot Health Status in People with T2DM: A Double-Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 4: 1317. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17041317

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