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Multidimensional Assessment of Eco-Innovation Implementation: Evidence from Spanish Agri-Food Sector

Department of Economics and Business, University of Almería (Mediterranean Research Center on Economics and Sustainable Development, CIMEDES, Agrifood Campus of International Excellence, ceiA3), Ctra. Sacramento s/n, 04120 Almería, Spain
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(4), 1432; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17041432
Received: 10 February 2020 / Revised: 18 February 2020 / Accepted: 20 February 2020 / Published: 23 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Innovation in the Agri-Food Sector)
Understanding eco-innovation is an essential endeavor to achieve global sustainable development. In this sense, further research on implementation is needed to expand knowledge beyond current boundaries. The aim of this paper is to contribute to this debate by conducting an original multidimensional analysis using Spanish agri-food sector data. The empirical methodology applies a combination of descriptive statistics, cluster analysis and the chi-squared test. Two groups of well-differentiated eco-innovative firms are identified, those with high and low eco-innovation implementation levels. Quality certifications, environmental consulting and cooperation with stakeholders are the variables that contribute most to distinguishing these two groups. The results also reveal that operating income volume, number of employees and commercialization volume are key factors to become more eco-innovative. In this sense, larger firms are found to have a higher level of eco-innovation implementation than small- and medium-sized enterprises. The main contributions of this work are fourfold. Firstly, it presents a comprehensive framework of eco-innovation implementation in its four dimensions (product, process, organizational and marketing). Secondly, it fills existing gaps in the literature by analyzing green organizational and marketing eco-practices. Thirdly, it expands the sectorial scope of eco-innovation research primarily focused on high-tech sectors. Finally, this study makes it possible to design certain policies for public and private decision makers. View Full-Text
Keywords: eco-innovation; implementation; multidimensional; agriculture; cluster analysis eco-innovation; implementation; multidimensional; agriculture; cluster analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

García-Granero, E.M.; Piedra-Muñoz, L.; Galdeano-Gómez, E. Multidimensional Assessment of Eco-Innovation Implementation: Evidence from Spanish Agri-Food Sector. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1432. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17041432

AMA Style

García-Granero EM, Piedra-Muñoz L, Galdeano-Gómez E. Multidimensional Assessment of Eco-Innovation Implementation: Evidence from Spanish Agri-Food Sector. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(4):1432. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17041432

Chicago/Turabian Style

García-Granero, Eva M., Laura Piedra-Muñoz, and Emilio Galdeano-Gómez. 2020. "Multidimensional Assessment of Eco-Innovation Implementation: Evidence from Spanish Agri-Food Sector" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 4: 1432. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17041432

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