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Article

Tactical Analysis According to Age-level Groups during a 4 vs. 4 Plus Goalkeepers Small-sided Game

1
Escola Superior Desporto e Lazer, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Rua Escola Industrial e Comercial de Nun’Álvares, 4900-347 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
2
Instituto de Telecomunicações, Delegação da Covilhã, 6200-001 Covilhã, Portugal
3
Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Isabel I, 09003 Burgos, Spain
4
Physical Education and Sport Department, Faculty of Education and Sport, University of Basque Country (UPV/EHU), 01007 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(5), 1667; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17051667
Received: 13 February 2020 / Revised: 29 February 2020 / Accepted: 3 March 2020 / Published: 4 March 2020
This study aimed to compare the collective dynamics of three different age-level groups (i.e., U13, U15 and U18) during a 4 vs. 4 plus goalkeepers small-sided game (SSG). Fifty-four male outfield soccer players aged between 13 and 18 years took part in the study. Team tactical behaviors were assessed by measuring (a) the area occupied by players of each team, (b) the distance between both teams’ centroids, (c) the players’ distance to their own team and d) the stretch index during a 4 vs. 4 plus goalkeepers SSG format. The main results revealed that larger areas were occupied by the older players (p < 0.001; Effect size (ES) = 0.44–0.25, small). Additionally, the mean distance between teams’ centroids was greater in older groups (p < 0.001; ES = 0.44–0.81, large–small). Finally, the distance between players (p < 0.001; ES = 0.75–0.81, moderate–large) and the stretch index (p < 0.001; ES = 0.44–0.47, small) were also greater in older age categories. The evidence provided in the present study might help coaches identify the influence of age on collective dynamics during SSGs and help them find task conditions that could help to improve the behaviors and positioning of younger players. View Full-Text
Keywords: soccer; collective behaviors; categories; centroid; stretch index soccer; collective behaviors; categories; centroid; stretch index
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MDPI and ACS Style

Clemente, F.M.; Castillo, D.; Los Arcos, A. Tactical Analysis According to Age-level Groups during a 4 vs. 4 Plus Goalkeepers Small-sided Game. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1667. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17051667

AMA Style

Clemente FM, Castillo D, Los Arcos A. Tactical Analysis According to Age-level Groups during a 4 vs. 4 Plus Goalkeepers Small-sided Game. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(5):1667. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17051667

Chicago/Turabian Style

Clemente, Filipe M., Daniel Castillo, and Asier Los Arcos. 2020. "Tactical Analysis According to Age-level Groups during a 4 vs. 4 Plus Goalkeepers Small-sided Game" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 5: 1667. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17051667

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