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Article

Systematic Assessment of Health Risk from Metals in Surface Sediment of the Xiangjiang River, China

by 1,2, 1,3, 1,3, 1,3, 1,3,*, 2 and 2
1
Institute of Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Metallurgy and Environment, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
2
Changsha Environmental Protection College, Changsha 410004, China
3
Chinese National Engineering Research Center for Control & Treatment of Heavy Metal Pollution, Changsha 410083, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(5), 1677; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17051677
Received: 1 February 2020 / Revised: 27 February 2020 / Accepted: 3 March 2020 / Published: 4 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Impact Assessment)
The common empirical screening method is limited to a preliminary screen target from vast elements for human health risk assessments. Here, an element screening procedure was developed for assessing the human health risk of the elements in the sediment of the Xiangjiang River. Ninety-six surface sediment samples from eight sampling stations were collected and 27 elements of each sample were investigated. Thirteen of the 27 elements were screened for human health risk assessments through the three-run selections by calculating anthropogenic factors, building element maps, and the removal of unnecessary elements. Pb posed the greatest health risk and exhibited a potential noncarcinogenic risk for adults at the stations S4 and S5, although no visible noncarcinogenic and carcinogenic risk for adults and children in the Xiangjiang River. Our study also suggested that the chalcophile elements were associated with greater health risk, compared to the lithophile and siderophile ones. View Full-Text
Keywords: screening evaluation; sediment; heavy metal; health risk; Xiangjiang River screening evaluation; sediment; heavy metal; health risk; Xiangjiang River
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, H.; Chai, L.; Yang, Z.; Yang, W.; Liao, Q.; Cao, Z.; Peng, Y. Systematic Assessment of Health Risk from Metals in Surface Sediment of the Xiangjiang River, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1677. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17051677

AMA Style

Li H, Chai L, Yang Z, Yang W, Liao Q, Cao Z, Peng Y. Systematic Assessment of Health Risk from Metals in Surface Sediment of the Xiangjiang River, China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(5):1677. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17051677

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Huan, Liyuan Chai, Zhihui Yang, Weichun Yang, Qi Liao, Zhe Cao, and Yanchun Peng. 2020. "Systematic Assessment of Health Risk from Metals in Surface Sediment of the Xiangjiang River, China" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 5: 1677. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17051677

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