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Progressive Invasion of Aedes albopictus in Northern Spain in The Period 2013–2018 and A Possible Association with The Increase in Insect Bites

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Animal Health Department, NEIKER-Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Bizkaia Science and Technology Park 812L, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
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Departamento de Salud del Gobierno Vasco, Subdirección de Salud Pública de Gipuzkoa, 20013 Donostia-San Sebastian, Gipuzkoa, Spain
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Unidad de Epidemiologia, Departamento de Salud del Gobierno Vasco, Subdirección de Salud Pública de Bizkaia, 48008 Bilbao, Bizkaia, Spain
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Animal Health Department, The AgriFood Institute of Aragon (IA2) Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, 50013 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(5), 1678; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17051678
Received: 20 January 2020 / Revised: 21 February 2020 / Accepted: 2 March 2020 / Published: 4 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
(1) Background: Aedes albopictus has rapidly expanded throughout Europe, becoming a public health concern in the Mediterranean Basin. (2) Methods: Following the detection of Ae. albopictus in the southwestern French region of Aquitaine in 2012, an entomological surveillance programme was implemented in the Basque Country (Northern Spain) in 2013. (3) Results: Ae. albopictus eggs were first detected in 2014 in a transited parking area in the northeastern sampling point, 22 km away from the nearest French site with recorded presence of tiger mosquito. At this site, eggs were found throughout the study (2014–2018). Other western and southern municipalities became positive in 2017 and 2018. Ae. albopictus adults were first captured in 2018 by aspiration of the vegetation in an area where eggs had been detected since 2015, suggesting a progressive establishment of a self-sustained population. Incidence of insect bites in humans was roughly constant over the study period except for a significant increase in 2018 in the Health County where eggs had been detected since 2014. Densities of Ae. albopictus eggs in positive areas remained at similar levels over the years. (4) Conclusion: Multiple approaches and standardized methods are necessary to successfully control this vector. View Full-Text
Keywords: Aedes albopictus; surveillance; ovitraps; human bites; biocides Aedes albopictus; surveillance; ovitraps; human bites; biocides
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MDPI and ACS Style

Goiri, F.; González, M.A.; Goikolea, J.; Oribe, M.; de Castro, V.; Delacour, S.; Lucientes, J.; Ortega-Araiztegi, I.; Barandika, J.F.; García-Pérez, A.L. Progressive Invasion of Aedes albopictus in Northern Spain in The Period 2013–2018 and A Possible Association with The Increase in Insect Bites. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1678. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17051678

AMA Style

Goiri F, González MA, Goikolea J, Oribe M, de Castro V, Delacour S, Lucientes J, Ortega-Araiztegi I, Barandika JF, García-Pérez AL. Progressive Invasion of Aedes albopictus in Northern Spain in The Period 2013–2018 and A Possible Association with The Increase in Insect Bites. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(5):1678. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17051678

Chicago/Turabian Style

Goiri, Fátima, Mikel A. González, Joseba Goikolea, Madalen Oribe, Visitación de Castro, Sarah Delacour, Javier Lucientes, Ione Ortega-Araiztegi, Jesús F. Barandika, and Ana L. García-Pérez 2020. "Progressive Invasion of Aedes albopictus in Northern Spain in The Period 2013–2018 and A Possible Association with The Increase in Insect Bites" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 5: 1678. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17051678

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