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Article

The Development of a Proactive Burnout Prevention Inventory: How Employees Can Contribute to Reduce Burnout Risks

Department of Psychology, Open University of the Netherlands, 6419 AT Heerlen, The Netherlands
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(5), 1711; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17051711
Received: 29 January 2020 / Revised: 27 February 2020 / Accepted: 3 March 2020 / Published: 5 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Burnout as a Public Health Problem and Its Approach from Prevention)
Proactive burnout prevention refers to a set of proactive behaviors employees may engage in to prevent burnout. Findings of a previous exploratory qualitative study indicated that employees who had to deal with high demands engaged in specific proactive behaviors in the work, home, and personal domain in order to prevent burnout. To further examine proactive burnout prevention in longitudinal quantitative research and to be able to investigate its effectiveness, an inventory for assessing these kinds of behaviors is necessary. The goal of this study was twofold: 1) to develop an inventory to assess employees’ proactive burnout prevention behaviors and examine its factorial validity, 2) to explore the broader nomological network of proactive burnout prevention behaviors by examining its convergent, discriminant, and predictive validity. A two-wave longitudinal survey (T1: N = 343; T2: N = 201) was conducted. The results of exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis showed that proactive burnout prevention can be reliably assessed with 40 items that load on 12 factors, indicating 12 separate proactive burnout prevention behaviors. Moreover, exploration of the convergent, discriminant, and predictive validity of the proactive burnout prevention inventory showed promising results, as expected relationships were confirmed for most behaviors. Further research is needed to substantiate the findings and examine the effectiveness of proactive burnout prevention. View Full-Text
Keywords: proactive behavior; burnout; prevention; inventory; scale development proactive behavior; burnout; prevention; inventory; scale development
MDPI and ACS Style

Otto, M.C.B.; Van Ruysseveldt, J.; Hoefsmit, N.; Dam, K.V. The Development of a Proactive Burnout Prevention Inventory: How Employees Can Contribute to Reduce Burnout Risks. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1711. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17051711

AMA Style

Otto MCB, Van Ruysseveldt J, Hoefsmit N, Dam KV. The Development of a Proactive Burnout Prevention Inventory: How Employees Can Contribute to Reduce Burnout Risks. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(5):1711. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17051711

Chicago/Turabian Style

Otto, Madelon C.B., Joris Van Ruysseveldt, Nicole Hoefsmit, and Karen V. Dam 2020. "The Development of a Proactive Burnout Prevention Inventory: How Employees Can Contribute to Reduce Burnout Risks" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 5: 1711. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17051711

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