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Article

Tactile Discrimination, Praxis and Cognitive Impulsivity in ADHD Children: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, Occupational Therapy Division, Avda de la Ilustración n 60, 18016 Granada, Spain
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School of Health Sciences, Queen Margaret University Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland EH21 6UU, UK
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School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, 270 Joondalup Drive, Joondalup, WA 6027, Australia
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Centro de Terapia Infantil-AYTONA, C/Virgen de las Viñas n 16, 28031 Madrid, Spain
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Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Avda de la Real Fábrica de la Seda s/n., 45600 Talavera de la Reina, Spain
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Sistema Andaluz de Salud, Centro de Salud Zaidín Sur, C/ Poeta Gracián n 7, 18007 Granada, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(6), 1897; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17061897
Received: 30 December 2019 / Revised: 8 March 2020 / Accepted: 10 March 2020 / Published: 14 March 2020
Background: The study of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has traditionally focused on deficit of inhibitory control and cognitive impulsivity. However, the pathophysiology of ADHD has also been associated with the somatosensory cortex. The aim of this study was to explore if there were differences in tactile discrimination and praxis between neurotypical and ADHD children and whether these differences could be explained by cognitive impulsivity. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. The sample comprised 74 children aged 7 to 11 years divided in two groups: 43 with neurotypical development, 31 with ADHD. To assess tactile discrimination, the finger localization and the graphestesia tests were used. Praxis was assessed with the Kaufman Assesment Battery for Children (K-ABC) hand movement subtest, the action program and the Zoo Map subtests of the Behavioral Assessment of Dysexecutive Syndrome, and the complex figure of Rey–Osterrieth test (ROCF). Cognitive impulsivity was assessed using the Magallanes Computerized Impulsivity Scale test (EMIC). Results: Children with ADHD showed greater cognitive impulsivity (p = 0.038) and scored lower in Zoo Map (p = 0.023) and hand-movement subtests (p = 0.002), and in ROCF test (p = 0.004). Differences in praxis skills still remained after controlling by gender and cognitive impulsivity. Conclusion: Praxis deficit might have repercussions not only on the characterization of ADHD but also on its treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; tactile discrimination; cognitive impulsivity; praxis attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; tactile discrimination; cognitive impulsivity; praxis
MDPI and ACS Style

Romero-Ayuso, D.; Maciver, D.; Richmond, J.; Jorquera-Cabrera, S.; Garra-Palud, L.; Zabala-Baños, C.; Toledano-González, A.; Triviño-Juárez, J.-M. Tactile Discrimination, Praxis and Cognitive Impulsivity in ADHD Children: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1897. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17061897

AMA Style

Romero-Ayuso D, Maciver D, Richmond J, Jorquera-Cabrera S, Garra-Palud L, Zabala-Baños C, Toledano-González A, Triviño-Juárez J-M. Tactile Discrimination, Praxis and Cognitive Impulsivity in ADHD Children: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(6):1897. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17061897

Chicago/Turabian Style

Romero-Ayuso, Dulce, Donald Maciver, Janet Richmond, Sara Jorquera-Cabrera, Luis Garra-Palud, Carmen Zabala-Baños, Abel Toledano-González, and José-Matías Triviño-Juárez. 2020. "Tactile Discrimination, Praxis and Cognitive Impulsivity in ADHD Children: A Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 6: 1897. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17061897

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