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The Development and Exploratory Psychometric Properties of the Traumatic and Routine Stressors Scale on Emergency Nurses (TRSS-EN)

Department of Medicine and Surgery, Psychology, Preventive Medicine and Public Health and Immunology, Medical Microbiology and Nursing and Stomatology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University Rey Juan Carlos, Avda. Atenas s/n, 28922 Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(6), 1963; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17061963
Received: 26 February 2020 / Revised: 13 March 2020 / Accepted: 15 March 2020 / Published: 17 March 2020
Emergency nurses are exposed to traumatic events and routine stressors, both of which can lead to the development of PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) symptomatology. However, there are currently no instruments designed to assess the impact and frequency of such sources of stress in nurses. The Traumatic and Routine Stressors Scale on Emergency Nurses (TRSS-EN) was built for this purpose. A sample of 147 emergency nurses from three hospitals in Madrid (Spain) completed this 13-item scale. The analyses showed a factorial structure composed of two factors. The first is characterized by items regarding traumatic and stressful events and procedures of severe magnitude (traumatic stressors), and the second by items related to stressful events and procedures of moderate magnitude (routine stressors) but hypothesized to possess a substantial traumatic potential. Analyses provided evidence of both adequate internal consistency (Cronbach’s α = 0.92; first factor α = 0.91 and second factor α = 0.86) and test–retest reliability. In addition, concurrent validity also proved to be satisfactory. In short, TRSS-EN seems to be a reliable and valid tool in a healthcare emergency nursing setting for screening the frequency and impact of exposure to everyday work-related traumatic stressors, either event-related or routine. View Full-Text
Keywords: emergency nursing; mental health and illness; post-traumatic stress disorder; routine stressors; traumatic stressors emergency nursing; mental health and illness; post-traumatic stress disorder; routine stressors; traumatic stressors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Campillo-Cruz, M.; González-Gutiérrez, J.L.; Ardoy-Cuadros, J.; Fernández-Muñoz, J.J. The Development and Exploratory Psychometric Properties of the Traumatic and Routine Stressors Scale on Emergency Nurses (TRSS-EN). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1963. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17061963

AMA Style

Campillo-Cruz M, González-Gutiérrez JL, Ardoy-Cuadros J, Fernández-Muñoz JJ. The Development and Exploratory Psychometric Properties of the Traumatic and Routine Stressors Scale on Emergency Nurses (TRSS-EN). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(6):1963. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17061963

Chicago/Turabian Style

Campillo-Cruz, Manuel, José L. González-Gutiérrez, Juan Ardoy-Cuadros, and Juan J. Fernández-Muñoz 2020. "The Development and Exploratory Psychometric Properties of the Traumatic and Routine Stressors Scale on Emergency Nurses (TRSS-EN)" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 6: 1963. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17061963

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