2. Characteristic of COVID-19
3. Data Source and Methodology
- Timeline narrative, number of affected people and public concern: The timeline narrative is developed based on the sequential events in the country, and important measures taken, which is also juxtaposed to the major public concerns. Weibo’s data (2020) have been analyzed for the top 206 to 360 hits per topic (depends on the daily variation) over a period of three months, from 1 December 2019 to 1 March 2020 . Tiki-Toki’s data  is the Chinese government big data platform, and provides information on different government measures, news, policies, and also is linked to major global milestones in the related topic (here, Coronavirus-related topics). Sina’s data was on (1) the number of affected people (confirmed cases, recovery, and death) at both the country level and in Hubei province, (2) Sina Weibo data to analyze social media information. Figure 1a,b show the growth in the number of affected and recovered people and casualties in Hubei province and the whole of China, which is referred to in a later section. Figure 2 was also prepared as an original diagram to highlight different phases of this disaster. Specific attention was made on the day to day changes in numbers, any significant policy actions taken, and any significant incidence (positive or negative) reported on social media or a website. Social media/website information (both government official sites as well private sites) were used to draw the timeseries narrative. Word Cloud analysis was made using the key words used in social media for all the five phases mentioned in the text, and the top five most commonly used words are picked to highlight the key discussion in the social media, as well as to understand citizens’ agony.
- Media use during/after Coronavirus spread and information types: This is mainly derived from the analysis of  on February 20–21, 2020, with more than 1500 residents from all 31 provinces in China, to understand the use of media to acquire information related to Corona virus. The analysis used the data of CSM survey to draw original graphs and diagrams with its interpretation;
- Positive impact on certain online industries: The data from  are based on the analysis of 2019 and 2020 analysis, but more specific intensive analysis of the use of the internet during the period of 22 January 2020 to 6 February 2020. These data were used to understand the proliferation of certain online services compared to others, which is correlated to people’s interest in different topics available online.
4. Data Analysis and Key Findings
4.1. Narrative on the Events and Its Response Sequence
- Very early phase: Until 31 December 2019;
- Investigation phase: Until 20 January 2020;
- Early intensification phase: Until 31 January 2020;
- Criticism, agony and depression phase: Until 14 February 2020;
- Positive prevention and curative control phase: Until 29 February 2020.
4.1.1. Very Early Phase: Until 31 December, 2019
4.1.2. Investigation Phase: Until 20 January 2020
4.1.3. Early Intensification Phase: Until 31 January 2020
4.1.4. Criticism, Agony, Depression and Control Phase: Until 14 February 2020
4.1.5. Positive Prevention and Curative Control Phase: Until 29 February 2020
4.2. Media Use during/after Coronavirus Spread and Information Types
4.3. Positive Impact on Certain Online Industries
5. Key Learning and Postscripts
- China has rolled out perhaps the most ambitious, agile and aggressive disease containment effort in history. Although initially quite aggressive, gradually, a science and risk-based approach was taken to tailor its implementation;
- Achieving China’s exceptional coverage with adherence to these containment measures has only been possible due to the deep commitment of the Chinese people to collective action in the face of this common threat. At a community level, this is reflected in the remarkable solidarity of provinces and cities in support of the most vulnerable populations and communities;
- China’s bold approach to contain the rapid spread of this new respiratory pathogen has changed the course of a rapidly escalating and deadly epidemic;
- China is already, and rightfully, working to bolster its economy, reopen its schools and return to a more normal semblance of its society, even as it works to contain the remaining chains of COVID-19 transmission.
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