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Article

The Effect of Age, Gender, and Job on Skin Conductance Response among Smartphone Users Who are Prohibited from Using Their Smartphone

1
School of Nursing, College of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
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Department of Medical Research, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
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Department of Nursing, Tzu Chi University of Science and Technology, Hualien 97071, Taiwan
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Center for Big Data Analytics and Statistics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan City 333, Taiwan
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Department of Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
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College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
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Taiwan Nurses Association, Taipei 10681, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2313; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072313
Received: 18 February 2020 / Revised: 27 March 2020 / Accepted: 28 March 2020 / Published: 30 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Technological Innovation in Clinical Healthcare and Health Management)
The smartphone is a widely used and rapidly growing phenomenon worldwide, and problematic smartphone use is common in our society. This study’s objective was to examine the gender difference of baseline and post-intervention skin conductance response (SCR) among smartphone users and explore the relationships among problematic smartphone use level, anxiety level, and SCR changes by evaluating SCR, the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale score, and the Chinese version of the Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI) score in a one-group baseline and post-test design. Sixty participants were recruited from two communities, and data were collected from April to June 2017. There was a significant difference in terms of SCR changes between young males and old males and between young females and old females. Additionally, the SCR changes in young females were significantly greater than those in young males with twofold mean difference. This study provides strong evidence supporting the effectiveness of SCR measurement for assessing problematic smartphone use (PSU) anxiety when users are in a withdrawal-like state. The SCR measurement can help healthcare providers identify cases with risk factors of PSU for early intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: problematic smartphone use; skin conductance response; anxiety; gender; withdrawal problematic smartphone use; skin conductance response; anxiety; gender; withdrawal
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hsieh, H.-F.; Hsu, H.-T.; Lin, P.-C.; Yang, Y.-J.; Huang, Y.-T.; Ko, C.-H.; Wang, H.-H. The Effect of Age, Gender, and Job on Skin Conductance Response among Smartphone Users Who are Prohibited from Using Their Smartphone. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2313. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072313

AMA Style

Hsieh H-F, Hsu H-T, Lin P-C, Yang Y-J, Huang Y-T, Ko C-H, Wang H-H. The Effect of Age, Gender, and Job on Skin Conductance Response among Smartphone Users Who are Prohibited from Using Their Smartphone. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(7):2313. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072313

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hsieh, Hsiu-Fen, Hsin-Tien Hsu, Pei-Chao Lin, Yu-Jen Yang, Yu-Tung Huang, Chih-Hung Ko, and Hsiu-Hung Wang. 2020. "The Effect of Age, Gender, and Job on Skin Conductance Response among Smartphone Users Who are Prohibited from Using Their Smartphone" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 7: 2313. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072313

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