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Article

Psychometric Validation and Reference Norms for the European Spanish Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire: DCDQ-ES

1
TALIONIS Research Group, Research Centre of the Galician University System. Centre for Information and Communications Technology Research (CITIC), Universidade da Coruña, 15008 A Coruña, Spain
2
Health Integration and Promotion Research Unit (INTEGRA SAÚDE), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of A Coruña, 15011 A Coruña, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Both authors contributed equally to the study.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2425; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072425
Received: 10 March 2020 / Revised: 1 April 2020 / Accepted: 1 April 2020 / Published: 2 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Instruments for Measuring Health)
The Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire (DCDQ) is a widely used and well-validated tool that contributes to the diagnosis of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). The aim of this study was to further analyze the psychometric properties of the European Spanish cross-culturally adapted version of the Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire (DCDQ-ES) in a sample of Spanish children aged 6–11 years and to establish reference norms with respect to age groups. Parents of 540 typically developing children completed the DCDQ-ES. A second sample of 30 children with probable DCD (pDCD) was used to test its discriminant validity. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the original three-factor structure and the internal consistency was excellent (Cronbach’s α = 0.907). Significant differences between age groups were found. The pDCD group scored significantly lower than the reference sample in the three subscales and DCDQ-ES total score (p < 0.001; AUC = 0.872). The DCDQ-ES is a reliable and valid tool for screening motor coordination difficulties in Spanish children and for identifying children with probable DCD. The findings of this research suggest that context-specific cut-off scores should be systematically utilized when using cross-cultural adaptations of the DCDQ. Age-specific cut-off scores for Spanish children are provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: developmental coordination disorder; validity; reliability; screening; parental questionnaire; developmental coordination disorder questionnaire developmental coordination disorder; validity; reliability; screening; parental questionnaire; developmental coordination disorder questionnaire
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MDPI and ACS Style

Montes-Montes, R.; Delgado-Lobete, L.; Pereira, J.; Santos-del-Riego, S.; Pousada, T. Psychometric Validation and Reference Norms for the European Spanish Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire: DCDQ-ES. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2425. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072425

AMA Style

Montes-Montes R, Delgado-Lobete L, Pereira J, Santos-del-Riego S, Pousada T. Psychometric Validation and Reference Norms for the European Spanish Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire: DCDQ-ES. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(7):2425. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072425

Chicago/Turabian Style

Montes-Montes, Rebeca, Laura Delgado-Lobete, Javier Pereira, Sergio Santos-del-Riego, and Thais Pousada. 2020. "Psychometric Validation and Reference Norms for the European Spanish Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire: DCDQ-ES" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 7: 2425. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072425

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