Next Article in Journal
Consumption of a Branched-Chain Amino Acid (BCAA) during Days 2–10 of Pregnancy Causes Abnormal Fetal and Placental Growth: Implications for BCAA Supplementation in Humans
Next Article in Special Issue
Leader Humility, and Subordinates’ Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Withdrawal Behavior: Exploring the Mediating Mechanisms of Subordinates’ Psychological Capital
Previous Article in Journal
Identifying Types of Dating Violence and Protective Factors among Adolescents in Spain: A Qualitative Analysis of Lights4Violence Materials
Previous Article in Special Issue
Guanxi HRM Practice and Employees’ Occupational Well-Being in China: A Multi-Level Psychological Process
Article

Models for Developing Community Organizations to Reinforce Health Management in Small Businesses

by 1 and 2,*
1
Department of Nursing, Eulji University, Daejeon 34824, Korea
2
Department of Preventive Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2444; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072444
Received: 2 February 2020 / Revised: 16 March 2020 / Accepted: 27 March 2020 / Published: 3 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Health Psychology)
The incidence of occupational diseases in small businesses is higher than in big ones, and this fact puts the former in need of a healthcare management model they can administer. This study established a model based on community organizational development theory to reinforce worker empowerment for healthcare in small businesses, focusing on health centers for workers (HCFW). The researchers surveyed 408 workers at 39 small businesses in the B region of South Korea, according to the characteristics of business sites, general characteristics of workers, and elements of community organizational development theory, and analyzed their results with a structural equation. The research period was September, 2015. Five concepts were examined: empowerment in healthcare, community capacity, participation and relevance, critical consciousness, and issue selection. The results revealed that greater community capacity led to greater participation and relevance (γ = 0.39) and empowerment in healthcare (γ = 0.25), while greater participation and relevance led to greater empowerment in healthcare (γ = 0.76). In addition, greater critical consciousness led to greater participation and relevance (γ = 0.12). Finally, greater community capacity led to greater issues selection (γ = 0.56), which in turn led to greater participation and relevance (γ = 0.25). The study makes proposals for directions of health centers for workers and community networks. Confirmation of this model for worker empowerment suggests several directions to HCFW in relation to workers and community networks. View Full-Text
Keywords: community; organizations; small business; empowerment; workplace community; organizations; small business; empowerment; workplace
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Choi, E.-H.; Jung, H.-S. Models for Developing Community Organizations to Reinforce Health Management in Small Businesses. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2444. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072444

AMA Style

Choi E-H, Jung H-S. Models for Developing Community Organizations to Reinforce Health Management in Small Businesses. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(7):2444. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072444

Chicago/Turabian Style

Choi, Eun-Hi, and Hye-Sun Jung. 2020. "Models for Developing Community Organizations to Reinforce Health Management in Small Businesses" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 7: 2444. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072444

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop