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Article

Dementia Literacy in the Greater Bay Area, China: Identifying the At-Risk Population and the Preferred Types of Mass Media for Receiving Dementia Information

1
School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong 999077, China
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World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Community Health Services, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong 999077, China
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School of Nursing, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510080 China
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Department of Nursing, The 5th Affiliated Hospital of Zhuyi Medical University, Zhuhai 519100, China
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School of Health Sciences and Sports, Macao Polytechnic Institute, Macau 999078, China
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Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau, Macau 999078, China
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Department of Statistics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 999077, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2511; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072511
Received: 14 February 2020 / Revised: 24 March 2020 / Accepted: 3 April 2020 / Published: 7 April 2020

Background: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the dementia literacy of community-dwelling adults in four cities (Hong Kong, Guangzhou, Macau, and Zhuhai) of the Greater Bay Area of China, and to determine their mass media preferences for receiving dementia information. Methods: The survey was completed by 787 community-dwelling adults. Dementia literacy was indirectly measured using two validated scales—the 30-item Alzheimer’s Disease Knowledge Scale and the 20-item Dementia Attitude Scale (DAS). Participants were also asked to indicate whether they wanted to receive dementia information via digital or traditional media. Chi-square tests, logistic regressions, and MANOVA analyses were conducted. Results: Unemployed or retired people had poor attitudes towards dementia and lower levels of knowledge about dementia. Single, cohabiting, or divorced people in Hong Kong and Macau had lower DAS scores than married people. Young people and those with a secondary education preferred to get their dementia information from social media. People with a tertiary education and employed people enjoyed searching government or hospital websites for information. Middle-aged, unemployed, or retired people tended to learn about dementia from television or radio. Conclusion: It is worth educating the public about dementia and developing strategies consistent with their preferences for types of mass media. View Full-Text
Keywords: health literacy; dementia; cross-sectional study; community; Alzheimer’s Disease; knowledge health literacy; dementia; cross-sectional study; community; Alzheimer’s Disease; knowledge
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MDPI and ACS Style

Leung, A.Y.M.; Molassiotis, A.; Zhang, J.; Deng, R.; Liu, M.; Van, I.K.; Leong, C.S.U.; Leung, I.S.H.; Leung, D.Y.P.; Lin, X.; Loke, A.Y. Dementia Literacy in the Greater Bay Area, China: Identifying the At-Risk Population and the Preferred Types of Mass Media for Receiving Dementia Information. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2511. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072511

AMA Style

Leung AYM, Molassiotis A, Zhang J, Deng R, Liu M, Van IK, Leong CSU, Leung ISH, Leung DYP, Lin X, Loke AY. Dementia Literacy in the Greater Bay Area, China: Identifying the At-Risk Population and the Preferred Types of Mass Media for Receiving Dementia Information. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(7):2511. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072511

Chicago/Turabian Style

Leung, Angela Y.M., Alex Molassiotis, June Zhang, Renli Deng, Ming Liu, Iat K. Van, Cindy S.U. Leong, Isaac S.H. Leung, Doris Y.P. Leung, Xiaoling Lin, and Alice Y. Loke 2020. "Dementia Literacy in the Greater Bay Area, China: Identifying the At-Risk Population and the Preferred Types of Mass Media for Receiving Dementia Information" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 7: 2511. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072511

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