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Persistent Post-Traumatic Headache and Migraine: Pre-Clinical Comparisons

1
Department of Neurosciences, Mental Health & Sensory Organs (NESMOS), Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
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Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, University of Messina, 98122 Messina, Italy
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Department of Human Neurosciences, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
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International Mood & Psychotic Disorders Research Consortium, Mailman Research Center, McLean Hospital, Belmont, MA 02478, USA
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Department of Mental Health, ASL Roma 3, 00125 Rome, Italy
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Sant’Andrea Hospital, Regional Referral Headache Centre, 00189 Rome, Italy
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Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University, 00189 Rome, Italy
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Mass Spectrometry Lab-Clinical Biochemistry Unit, Sant’Andrea University Hospital, 00189 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2585; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072585
Received: 28 February 2020 / Revised: 31 March 2020 / Accepted: 8 April 2020 / Published: 9 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Headaches)
Background: Oftentimes, persistent post traumatic headache (PPTH) and migraine are phenotypically similar and the only clinical feature that differentiate them is the presence of a mild or moderate traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The aim of this study is to describe the differences in brain area and in biochemical cascade after concussion and to define the efficacy and safety of treatments in use. Methods: Sources were chosen in according to the International Classification of Headache Disorder (ICHD) criteria. Results: The articles demonstrated a significant difference between PPTH and migraine regarding static functional connectivity (sFC) and dynamic functional connectivity (dFC) in brain structure that could be used for exploring the pathophysiological mechanisms in PPTH. Many studies described a cascade of neuro-metabolic changes that occur after traumatic brain injury. These variations are associated to the mechanism occurring when developing a PPTH. Conclusions: The state of art of this important topic show how although the mechanisms underlying the development of the two different diseases are different, the treatment of common migraine is efficacious in patients that have developed a post traumatic form. View Full-Text
Keywords: PTTH; migraine; persistent post-traumatic headache; pathophysiology; drugs; traumatic-brain injury PTTH; migraine; persistent post-traumatic headache; pathophysiology; drugs; traumatic-brain injury
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MDPI and ACS Style

Capi, M.; Pomes, L.M.; Andolina, G.; Curto, M.; Martelletti, P.; Lionetto, L. Persistent Post-Traumatic Headache and Migraine: Pre-Clinical Comparisons. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2585. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072585

AMA Style

Capi M, Pomes LM, Andolina G, Curto M, Martelletti P, Lionetto L. Persistent Post-Traumatic Headache and Migraine: Pre-Clinical Comparisons. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(7):2585. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072585

Chicago/Turabian Style

Capi, Matilde, Leda M. Pomes, Giulia Andolina, Martina Curto, Paolo Martelletti, and Luana Lionetto. 2020. "Persistent Post-Traumatic Headache and Migraine: Pre-Clinical Comparisons" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 7: 2585. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072585

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