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Article

The Role of Green Building Materials in Reducing Environmental and Human Health Impacts

1
UTM Construction Research Centre, Institute for Smart Infrastructure and Innovative Construction, School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor 81310, Malaysia
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Department of Architecture, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari 4816119318, Iran
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School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor 81310, Malaysia
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Lithuanian Institute of Agrarian Economics, A. Vivulskio g. 4A-13, 03220 Vilnius, Lithuania
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Informetrics Research Group, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City 758307, Vietnam
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Faculty of Business Administration, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City 758307, Vietnam
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2589; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072589
Received: 29 February 2020 / Revised: 28 March 2020 / Accepted: 5 April 2020 / Published: 10 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Indoor Air Quality and Health Outcomes in Energy-Efficient Buildings)
Conventional building materials (CBMs) made from non-renewable resources are the main source of indoor air contaminants, whose impact can extend from indoors to outdoors. Given their sustainable development (SD) prospect, green building materials (GBMs) with non-toxic, natural, and organic compounds have the potential to reduce their overall impacts on environmental and human health. In this regard, biocomposites as GBMs are environmentally friendly, safe, and recyclable materials and their replacement of CBMs reduces environmental impacts and human health concerns. This study aims to develop a model of fully hybrid bio-based biocomposite as non-structural GBMs and compare it with fully petroleum-based composite in terms of volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions and human health impacts. Using a small chamber test (American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)-D5116) for VOC investigation and SimaPro software modeling with the ReCiPe method for evaluating human health impacts. Life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology is used, and the results indicate that switching the fully hybrid bio-based biocomposite with the fully petroleum-based composite could reduce more than 50% impacts on human health in terms of indoor and outdoor. Our results indicate that the usage of biocomposite as GBMs can be an environmentally friendly solution for reducing the total indoor and outdoor impacts on human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; green building materials; biocomposite; life cycle assessment; human health; volatile organic compounds sustainable development; green building materials; biocomposite; life cycle assessment; human health; volatile organic compounds
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MDPI and ACS Style

Khoshnava, S.M.; Rostami, R.; Mohamad Zin, R.; Štreimikienė, D.; Mardani, A.; Ismail, M. The Role of Green Building Materials in Reducing Environmental and Human Health Impacts. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2589. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072589

AMA Style

Khoshnava SM, Rostami R, Mohamad Zin R, Štreimikienė D, Mardani A, Ismail M. The Role of Green Building Materials in Reducing Environmental and Human Health Impacts. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(7):2589. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072589

Chicago/Turabian Style

Khoshnava, Seyed M.; Rostami, Raheleh; Mohamad Zin, Rosli; Štreimikienė, Dalia; Mardani, Abbas; Ismail, Mohammad. 2020. "The Role of Green Building Materials in Reducing Environmental and Human Health Impacts" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 7: 2589. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072589

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