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Article

Factors Associated with Utilization of Primary and Specialist Healthcare Services by Elderly Cardiovascular Patients in the Republic of Serbia: A Cross-Sectional Study from the National Health Survey 2013

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Contract Research Organization for Medical Devices & Services, 1204 Geneva, Switzerland
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School of Public Health and Health Management, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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Institute of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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Institute of Medical Statistics and Informatics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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The Rippel Foundation, Morristown, NJ 07960, USA
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ReThink Health, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
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Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 1014 Copenhagen, Denmark
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Nykøbing F Hospital, Centre for Epidemiological Research, 4800 Nykøbing F, Denmark
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2602; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072602
Received: 23 February 2020 / Revised: 4 April 2020 / Accepted: 6 April 2020 / Published: 10 April 2020
The European Health Interview Survey (EHIS) is run every 5 years to examine how people experience and rank their health, how they care about their health, and to what extent they use the healthcare services. We identified the sub-population of special interest, i.e., cardiovascular disease (CVD) patients older than 65 years, in this cross-sectional study from the Serbian national survey of population health (2568 persons from a total of 15,999 subjects surveyed). We performed univariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis to assess the correlation between the healthcare system utilization and identified demographic, geographic, socio-economic, and self-rated factors. The most important factor for the utilization of the primary and the specialist healthcare services by elderly CVD patients is the region where one lives (Southern and Eastern Serbia OR = 2.44, 95% CI = 1.58–3.77/Belgrade OR = 1.75, 95% CI = 1.32–2.30). Age is another factor, where the 65 to 74 years old CVD patients utilize healthcare services the most. Higher education (OR = 1.80, 95% CI = 1.31–2.47), being a part of the highest Wealth Index group (OR = 1.62, 95% CI = 1.10–2.40), having very poor health status (OR = 3.02, 95% CI = 1.41–6.47), and presence of long-term illness (OR = 1.49, 95% CI = 1.16–1.92), play an important role in the utilization of the specialist care only. View Full-Text
Keywords: cardiovascular diseases; healthcare utilization; logistic regression; Serbia cardiovascular diseases; healthcare utilization; logistic regression; Serbia
  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Doi: https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.7910/DVN/AMC4IY
    Description: National Health Survey 2013, Adult Data
MDPI and ACS Style

Grustam, A.; Jovic Vranes, A.; Soldatovic, I.; Stojicic, P.; Jovanovic Andersen, Z. Factors Associated with Utilization of Primary and Specialist Healthcare Services by Elderly Cardiovascular Patients in the Republic of Serbia: A Cross-Sectional Study from the National Health Survey 2013. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2602. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072602

AMA Style

Grustam A, Jovic Vranes A, Soldatovic I, Stojicic P, Jovanovic Andersen Z. Factors Associated with Utilization of Primary and Specialist Healthcare Services by Elderly Cardiovascular Patients in the Republic of Serbia: A Cross-Sectional Study from the National Health Survey 2013. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(7):2602. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072602

Chicago/Turabian Style

Grustam, Andrija, Aleksandra Jovic Vranes, Ivan Soldatovic, Predrag Stojicic, and Zorana Jovanovic Andersen. 2020. "Factors Associated with Utilization of Primary and Specialist Healthcare Services by Elderly Cardiovascular Patients in the Republic of Serbia: A Cross-Sectional Study from the National Health Survey 2013" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 7: 2602. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072602

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