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Article

Effects of Psychotic Symptoms and Social Cognition on Job Retention in Patients with Schizophrenia in Korea

by 1 and 2,*
1
Department of Nursing Science, Sunlin University, 30, 36beon-gil, Chogok-gil, Heunghae-eup, Pohang-si, Gyeongbuk 37560, Korea
2
College of Nursing, Pusan National University, Beomeo-ri, Mulgeum-eup, Yangsan-si Gyeongnam, Busan 50612, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2628; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082628
Received: 3 March 2020 / Revised: 30 March 2020 / Accepted: 9 April 2020 / Published: 11 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Social Determinants of Mental Health)
This research examined the relationship between psychotic symptoms, social cognition, and job retention among people with schizophrenia in Korea. Participants (158 people with schizophrenia from 15 mental health institutions) were divided into two groups: those with a job retention period of less than six months (n = 75), and those with a job retention period of six months or more (n = 83). Participants completed a survey packet containing the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), Global Assessment of Function (GAF) Scale, Interpersonal Relationship Functioning Assessment Scale, Basic Empathy Scale, Hinting Task, and Ambiguous Intention Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ), and provided their job retention status. We used binomial logistic regression analysis to examine whether job retention was affected by participants’ demographic, clinical, and vocational characteristics, as well as the three components of social cognition, i.e., theory of mind, empathy, and attribution style. Results showed that theory of mind (ToM), attribution style, and psychotic symptoms explained 52.7% of the variance in job retention. A higher theory of mind means a higher ability to grasp the intentions of others. The higher theory of mind, the lesser attribution style, and the lesser psychotic symptoms were related to a longer period of job retention. View Full-Text
Keywords: schizophrenia; social cognition; job retention; theory of mind; attribution style schizophrenia; social cognition; job retention; theory of mind; attribution style
MDPI and ACS Style

Han, M.; Jun, S.S. Effects of Psychotic Symptoms and Social Cognition on Job Retention in Patients with Schizophrenia in Korea. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2628. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082628

AMA Style

Han M, Jun SS. Effects of Psychotic Symptoms and Social Cognition on Job Retention in Patients with Schizophrenia in Korea. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(8):2628. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082628

Chicago/Turabian Style

Han, Mihwa, and Seong S. Jun. 2020. "Effects of Psychotic Symptoms and Social Cognition on Job Retention in Patients with Schizophrenia in Korea" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 8: 2628. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082628

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