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Article

The Influence of Income and Livelihood Diversification on Health-Related Quality of Life in Rural Ethiopia

1
International Platform for Dryland Research and Education, Tottori University, Tottori 680-0001, Japan
2
Arid Land Research Center, Tottori University, Tottori 680-0001, Japan
3
Institute of Disaster Risk Management and Food Security Studies, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar 6000, Ethiopia
4
College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar 5501, Ethiopia
5
Division of Health Administration and Promotion, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Yonago 683-8503, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2709; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082709
Received: 16 March 2020 / Revised: 5 April 2020 / Accepted: 12 April 2020 / Published: 15 April 2020
Examining health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a rural setting can be beneficial for improving rural household policies and fostering public health promotion. The objective of this study was to measure the HRQOL and associated socioeconomic characteristics as well as test the reliability of the Amharic version of SF-8 (eight-item short form of HRQOL survey). A cross-sectional study was employed in three agroecologically different sites in rural Ethiopia, involving 270 household heads (218 male and 52 female) with a mean age ± standard deviation of 49 ± 12.88 years. The survey material consisted of a structured questionnaire for socioeconomic characteristics and SF-8 for HRQOL. The mean physical and mental component summary score of the whole sample was 30.50 ± 12.18 and 34.40 ± 7.26, respectively, well underneath the instrument average of 50. The SF-8 items showed excellent internal consistency in terms of both Cronbach’s α coefficients and item–total correlation. In stepwise multiple linear regression, the low-income group had worse self-perceived physical health than the higher-income groups. Likewise, a diversified livelihood had a profound influence on positive self-perceived physical health. These findings imply that developing and distributing wide-ranging socioeconomic and public health policies is crucial for effective health promotion in rural communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: health-related quality of life; SF-8; socioeconomic; income; livelihood diversification; physical health; Ethiopia; drought health-related quality of life; SF-8; socioeconomic; income; livelihood diversification; physical health; Ethiopia; drought
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MDPI and ACS Style

Majbauddin, A.; Otani, S.; Tsunekawa, A.; Haregeweyn, N.; Abeje, M.T.; Nigussie, Z.; Alam, I.; Qing, Q.; Masumoto, T.; Kurozawa, Y. The Influence of Income and Livelihood Diversification on Health-Related Quality of Life in Rural Ethiopia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2709. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082709

AMA Style

Majbauddin A, Otani S, Tsunekawa A, Haregeweyn N, Abeje MT, Nigussie Z, Alam I, Qing Q, Masumoto T, Kurozawa Y. The Influence of Income and Livelihood Diversification on Health-Related Quality of Life in Rural Ethiopia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(8):2709. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082709

Chicago/Turabian Style

Majbauddin, Abir, Shinji Otani, Atsushi Tsunekawa, Nigussie Haregeweyn, Misganaw T. Abeje, Zerihun Nigussie, Intekhab Alam, Qing Qing, Toshio Masumoto, and Youichi Kurozawa. 2020. "The Influence of Income and Livelihood Diversification on Health-Related Quality of Life in Rural Ethiopia" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 8: 2709. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082709

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