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Review

Review: Sex-Specific Aspects in the Bariatric Treatment of Severely Obese Women

1
Department of General and Visceral Surgery, Marien Hospital Witten, Teaching hospital of the Ruhr-University Bochum, Marienplatz 2, 58452 Witten, Germany
2
Department of General and Visceral Surgery, Marien Hospital Herne, University hospital of the Ruhr-University Bochum, Hölkeskampring 40, 44625 Herne, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2734; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082734
Received: 18 February 2020 / Revised: 3 April 2020 / Accepted: 9 April 2020 / Published: 15 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Women's Health)
This systematic literature review aims to point out sex-specific special features that are important in the bariatric treatment of women suffering from severe obesity. A systematic literature search was carried out according to Cochrane and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) guidelines. After the literature selection, the following categories were determined: sexuality and sexual function; contraception; fertility; sex hormones and polycystic ovary syndrome; menopause and osteoporosis; pregnancy and breastfeeding; pelvic floor disorders and urinary incontinence; female-specific cancer; and metabolism, outcome, and quality of life. For each category, the current status of research is illuminated and implications for bariatric treatment are determined. A summary that includes key messages is given for each subsection. An overall result of this paper is an understanding that sex-specific risks that follow or result from bariatric surgery should be considered more in aftercare. In order to increase the evidence, further research focusing on sex-specific differences in the outcome of bariatric surgery and promising treatment approaches to female-specific diseases is needed. Nevertheless, bariatric surgery shows good potential in the treatment of sex-specific aspects for severely obese women that goes far beyond mere weight loss and reduction of metabolic risks. View Full-Text
Keywords: bariatric surgery; obesity; sex-specific treatment; women/females; bariatric aftercare bariatric surgery; obesity; sex-specific treatment; women/females; bariatric aftercare
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jäger, P.; Wolicki, A.; Spohnholz, J.; Senkal, M. Review: Sex-Specific Aspects in the Bariatric Treatment of Severely Obese Women. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2734. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082734

AMA Style

Jäger P, Wolicki A, Spohnholz J, Senkal M. Review: Sex-Specific Aspects in the Bariatric Treatment of Severely Obese Women. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(8):2734. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082734

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jäger, Pia, Annina Wolicki, Johannes Spohnholz, and Metin Senkal. 2020. "Review: Sex-Specific Aspects in the Bariatric Treatment of Severely Obese Women" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 8: 2734. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082734

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