Next Article in Journal
The Relationship between Economic Growth and Air Pollution—A Regional Comparison between China and South Korea
Next Article in Special Issue
Vigorous-Intensity Physical Activities Are Associated with High Brown Adipose Tissue Density in Humans
Previous Article in Journal
Influence of Sleeping Patterns in Health and Academic Performance Among University Students
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effects of Brain Breaks Videos on the Motives for the Physical Activity of Malaysians with Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus
Article

Validity and Internal Consistency of the Preschool-FLAT, a New Tool for the Assessment of Food Literacy in Young Children from the Training-To-Health Project

1
Department of Psychology, Educational Science and Human Movement, University of Palermo, 90144 Palermo, Italy
2
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padova, 35121 Padova, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2759; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082759
Received: 19 February 2020 / Revised: 3 April 2020 / Accepted: 14 April 2020 / Published: 16 April 2020
Background: The importance of assessing “food literacy” since youth has been highlighted and, to this purpose, valid and consistent instruments are needed. This study aimed to assess the validity and internal consistency of the preschool-FLAT (Food Literacy Assessment Tool). Methods. 505 children from 21 kindergartens, recruited within the Training-to-Health Project in Palermo (Italy), underwent oral sessions and activities on food-related aspects. Their knowledge/skills were recorded in the preschool-FLAT. The following scale measures were assessed: Content validity; internal consistency (Chronbach’s alpha coefficients); construct validity (Structural Equation Modeling—SEM); discriminant validity (intervention subgroup of 100 children vs. control group of 27 children). Results. Acceptable content validity of a 16-items scale and overall adequate internal consistency were revealed: Content validity index (CVI) 0.94, content validity ratio (CVR) 0.88, Chronbach’s alpha 0.76. The SEM revealed a 4-factor model fitting the data well (comparative fit index 0.939, root mean square error of approximation 0.033). Discriminant validity was good (intervention group scoring higher than control, p < 0.001, unpaired Student’s t-test). Conclusion. The preschool-FLAT revealed good psychometric properties, adequate validity and internal consistency. This is the only instrument in the literature specifically targeted to 3–6 years old children that could be effectively used to assess food literacy. View Full-Text
Keywords: food literacy; validity; consistency; preschool education; assessment; structural equation modeling food literacy; validity; consistency; preschool education; assessment; structural equation modeling
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Tabacchi, G.; Battaglia, G.; Messina, G.; Paoli, A.; Palma, A.; Bellafiore, M. Validity and Internal Consistency of the Preschool-FLAT, a New Tool for the Assessment of Food Literacy in Young Children from the Training-To-Health Project. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2759. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082759

AMA Style

Tabacchi G, Battaglia G, Messina G, Paoli A, Palma A, Bellafiore M. Validity and Internal Consistency of the Preschool-FLAT, a New Tool for the Assessment of Food Literacy in Young Children from the Training-To-Health Project. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(8):2759. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082759

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tabacchi, Garden, Giuseppe Battaglia, Giuseppe Messina, Antonio Paoli, Antonio Palma, and Marianna Bellafiore. 2020. "Validity and Internal Consistency of the Preschool-FLAT, a New Tool for the Assessment of Food Literacy in Young Children from the Training-To-Health Project" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 8: 2759. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082759

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop