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Article

A Visual Scan Analysis Protocol for Postural Assessment at School in Young Students

1
Department of Sports, Higher Institute of Educational Sciences of the Douro, 4560-708 Penafiel, Portugal
2
Research Center in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure (CIAFEL), Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
3
Department of Sports Sciences, University of Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
4
Research Center in Sports, Health and Human Development (CIDESD), 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
5
Department of Sports Sciences, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, 5300-253 Bragança, Portugal
6
Faculty of Education, Health, and Wellbeing, University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton WV1 1LY, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2915; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082915
Received: 27 March 2020 / Revised: 15 April 2020 / Accepted: 21 April 2020 / Published: 23 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine of Human Movement)
The aim of this study was to compare the X-ray diagnosis with a non-invasive method for spine alignment assessment adopting a visual scan analysis with a plumb line and simetograph in middle-school students. The sample of this study was composed of 31 males and 50 females with an average age of 14.23 (± 3.11) years. The visual scan analysis was assessed at a school; whereas, the X-ray was performed in a hospital. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to assess the differences between methods and scoliosis classifications (non-accentuated <10º and scoliosis >10º), and the Kappa was used to assess the agreement between methods. The comparisons between the methods revealed non-significant differences (z = −0.577; p = 0.564), with almost perfect agreement between tests (K = 0.821; p < 0.001). Moreover, no statistical significance was observed between methods by the scoliosis classification (z = −1.000; p = 0.317), with almost perfect agreement between tests (K = 0.888; p < 0.001). This research supports the conclusion that there are no significant differences between the two methods. Therefore, it should be highlighted that this field test should be used by physical education teachers in their classes, or in a school context, in order to determine misalignments or scoliosis prevalence among middle-school students. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; spine alignment; posture; X-ray; visual scan children; spine alignment; posture; X-ray; visual scan
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alves, M.E.; Marinho, D.A.; Carneiro, D.N.; Alves, J.; Forte, P.; Nevill, A.M.; Morais, J.E. A Visual Scan Analysis Protocol for Postural Assessment at School in Young Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2915. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082915

AMA Style

Alves ME, Marinho DA, Carneiro DN, Alves J, Forte P, Nevill AM, Morais JE. A Visual Scan Analysis Protocol for Postural Assessment at School in Young Students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(8):2915. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082915

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alves, Maria E., Daniel A. Marinho, Duarte N. Carneiro, Jorge Alves, Pedro Forte, Alan M. Nevill, and Jorge E. Morais 2020. "A Visual Scan Analysis Protocol for Postural Assessment at School in Young Students" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 8: 2915. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082915

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