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Article

The Association of Work Satisfaction and Burnout Risk in Endoscopy Nursing Staff—A Cross-Sectional Study Using Canonical Correlation Analysis

1
Department of General Practice and Family Medicine, Philipps-University, 35043 Marburg, Germany
2
CAPHRI School for Public Health and Primary Care, Department of Health Services Research, Maastricht University, 6200 Maastricht, The Netherlands
3
Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Siegen, 57076 Siegen, Germany
4
FOM University of Applied Sciences, 57078 Siegen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2964; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082964
Received: 1 April 2020 / Revised: 20 April 2020 / Accepted: 22 April 2020 / Published: 24 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
Background: Burnout is known to have detrimental effects on healthcare staff with regard to both personal and occupational matters. The association between burnout symptoms and work satisfaction in endoscopy nursing staff in Germany has not been studied previously. We aimed to investigate the association between work satisfaction and risk of burnout in endoscopy nursing staff in Germany and to extract predictors for burnout in the area of work satisfaction, which can inform the design of future interventions. Setting: All members of the German Association of Endoscopy Staff in Germany (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Endoskopiefachberufe e.V.—DEGEA) were invited to take part in an online survey. Methods: The total sample consisted of 674 endoscopy staff members. Of those, 579 were female (85.9%) and 95 were male (14.1%). The mean age of the participants was 44.3 years (SD 10.6), with a median age of 46 years, a minimum age of 20, and a maximum age of 64 years. We used confirmatory factor analyses to examine the Maslach burnout inventory (MBI) and, a questionnaire for assessing general and facet-specific job satisfaction (KAFA), regarding their postulated internal structure in our special sample. Canonical correlations were performed to examine the association between work satisfaction and burnout in endoscopy staff members. Results: We were able to replicate the factorial structures of the MBI and the KAFA, both showing an acceptable model fit. The canonical correlation analysis resulted in three canonical functions, with canonical correlations of 0.64 (p < 0.001), 0.32 (p < 0.001), and 0.17 (p < 0.001). The first canonical function revealed that KAFA scales for colleagues, professional development, payment, supervisor, and general job satisfaction were good predictors for less exhaustion, less depersonalization and lack of empathy, and higher personal accomplishment. Commonality analysis revealed that general job satisfaction was the most significant factor in explaining the squared canonical correlation. The second canonical function showed that occupational function and colleagues were good predictors for exhaustion and personal accomplishment. Conclusions: Interventions aimed at ameliorating symptoms of burnout in endoscopy staff should be tailored to address specific needs as experienced by the employees. Therefore, the results of this study could contribute to the design of various interventions, which could be employed to address the issue of work satisfaction and burnout in endoscopy staff most effectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: work satisfaction; burnout; endoscopy; correlation of data; factor analysis work satisfaction; burnout; endoscopy; correlation of data; factor analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Adarkwah, C.C.; Hirsch, O. The Association of Work Satisfaction and Burnout Risk in Endoscopy Nursing Staff—A Cross-Sectional Study Using Canonical Correlation Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2964. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082964

AMA Style

Adarkwah CC, Hirsch O. The Association of Work Satisfaction and Burnout Risk in Endoscopy Nursing Staff—A Cross-Sectional Study Using Canonical Correlation Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(8):2964. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082964

Chicago/Turabian Style

Adarkwah, Charles C., and Oliver Hirsch. 2020. "The Association of Work Satisfaction and Burnout Risk in Endoscopy Nursing Staff—A Cross-Sectional Study Using Canonical Correlation Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 8: 2964. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082964

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