Next Article in Journal
The Effects of Pharmacological and Non-Pharmacological Interventions on Symptom Management and Quality of Life among Breast Cancer Survivors Undergoing Adjuvant Endocrine Therapy: A Systematic Review
Next Article in Special Issue
Erratum: Longo, U.G., et al. Scapular Dyskinesis: From Basic Science to Ultimate Treatment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2974
Previous Article in Journal
Impact of the Dam Construction on the Downstream Thermal Conditions of the Yangtze River
Previous Article in Special Issue
Cost-Effectiveness of Supervised versus Unsupervised Rehabilitation for Rotator-Cuff Repair: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Erratum published on 27 May 2020, see Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 3810.
Concept Paper

Scapular Dyskinesis: From Basic Science to Ultimate Treatment

1
Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Campus Bio-Medico University, Via Alvaro del Portillo, Trigoria 200, 00128 Rome, Italy
2
Laboratory of Measurement and Biomedical Instrumentation, Campus Bio-Medico University, Via Alvaro del Portillo 200, 00128 Rome, Italy
3
Carl J. Shapiro Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Center for Advanced Orthopaedic Studies, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 20115, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2974; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082974
Received: 7 March 2020 / Revised: 16 April 2020 / Accepted: 22 April 2020 / Published: 24 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Frontiers in Rehabilitation)
Background: This study intends to summarize the causes, clinical examination, and treatments of scapular dyskinesis (SD) and to briefly investigate whether alteration can be managed by a precision rehabilitation protocol planned on the basis of features derived from clinical tests. Methods: We performed a comprehensive search of PubMed, Cochrane, CINAHL and EMBASE databases using various combinations of the keywords “Rotator cuff”, “Scapula”, “Scapular Dyskinesis”, “Shoulder”, “Biomechanics” and “Arthroscopy”. Results: SD incidence is growing in patients with shoulder pathologies, even if it is not a specific injury or directly related to a particular injury. SD can be caused by multiple factors or can be the trigger of shoulder-degenerative pathologies. In both cases, SD results in a protracted scapula with the arm at rest or in motion. Conclusions: A clinical evaluation of altered shoulder kinematics is still complicated. Limitations in observing scapular motion are mainly related to the anatomical position and function of the scapula itself and the absence of a tool for quantitative SD clinical assessment. High-quality clinical trials are needed to establish whether there is a possible correlation between SD patterns and the specific findings of shoulder pathologies with altered scapular kinematics. View Full-Text
Keywords: rotator cuff; scapula; scapular dyskinesis; shoulder; biomechanics; arthroscopy rotator cuff; scapula; scapular dyskinesis; shoulder; biomechanics; arthroscopy
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Giuseppe, L.U.; Laura, R.A.; Berton, A.; Candela, V.; Massaroni, C.; Carnevale, A.; Stelitano, G.; Schena, E.; Nazarian, A.; DeAngelis, J.; Denaro, V. Scapular Dyskinesis: From Basic Science to Ultimate Treatment. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2974. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082974

AMA Style

Giuseppe LU, Laura RA, Berton A, Candela V, Massaroni C, Carnevale A, Stelitano G, Schena E, Nazarian A, DeAngelis J, Denaro V. Scapular Dyskinesis: From Basic Science to Ultimate Treatment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(8):2974. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082974

Chicago/Turabian Style

Giuseppe, Longo U., Risi A. Laura, Alessandra Berton, Vincenzo Candela, Carlo Massaroni, Arianna Carnevale, Giovanna Stelitano, Emiliano Schena, Ara Nazarian, Joseph DeAngelis, and Vincenzo Denaro. 2020. "Scapular Dyskinesis: From Basic Science to Ultimate Treatment" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 8: 2974. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082974

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop