Next Article in Journal
How Big Data and Artificial Intelligence Can Help Better Manage the COVID-19 Pandemic
Next Article in Special Issue
Are There Effective Interventions to Increase Physical Activity in Children and Young People? An Umbrella Review
Previous Article in Journal
Off- and Online Heterosexual Dating Violence, Perceived Attachment to Parents and Peers and Suicide Risk in Young Women
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Effect of Active Plus, a Computer-Tailored Physical Activity Intervention, on the Physical Activity of Older Adults with Chronic Illness(es)—A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial
Article

Outcome Expectations for Exercise and Decisional Balance Questionnaires Predict Adherence and Efficacy of Exercise Programs in Dialysis Patients

1
Department of Nephrology, University Medical Centre, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
2
Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
3
Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3175; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17093175
Received: 5 April 2020 / Revised: 24 April 2020 / Accepted: 30 April 2020 / Published: 2 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Exercise and Chronic Diseases Prevention)
The purpose of this study was to define if Outcomes Expectations for Exercise (OEE) and Decisional Balance (DB) scales predict adherence to guided exercise programs and associate with the improvement in physical performance in the dialysis population. Participants (n = 40; age 63.6 ± 12.5 years) completed OEE and DB questionnaires before randomization to the experimental group (n = 20) and control group (n = 20) of a two-phased exercise program—the experimental group received eight weeks of supervised functional exercise and exercise counseling (1st phase) before commencing eight weeks of home-based exercise on non-dialysis days (2nd phase). Both groups performed intradialytic cycling on dialysis days during both study phases. Patients with above-median OEE and DB scores (>3.15 and >1.3, respectively) expressed significantly better adherence to intradialytic cycling (89% vs. 76%, 89% vs. 77%, respectively, p < 0.05). Experimental group patients with an above-median OEE (but not DB) score had significantly better adherence to supervised and home-based functional exercise (93% vs. 81% and 85% vs. 60%, respectively, p < 0.05). Baseline DB score predicted the final result in the hand-grip test and 6-min walk test. Low OEE and, to a lesser degree, low DB questionnaire scores associate with inferior adherence to dialysis bundled and home-based exercise programs and may help define patient subsets in need of intensified motivational input by exercise caregivers. View Full-Text
Keywords: adherence; functional training; intradialytic cycling; outcomes expectations for exercise; decisional balance; exercise adoption; behavior change; questionnaire; hemodialysis adherence; functional training; intradialytic cycling; outcomes expectations for exercise; decisional balance; exercise adoption; behavior change; questionnaire; hemodialysis
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Bogataj, Š.; Pajek, M.; Buturović Ponikvar, J.; Pajek, J. Outcome Expectations for Exercise and Decisional Balance Questionnaires Predict Adherence and Efficacy of Exercise Programs in Dialysis Patients. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3175. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17093175

AMA Style

Bogataj Š, Pajek M, Buturović Ponikvar J, Pajek J. Outcome Expectations for Exercise and Decisional Balance Questionnaires Predict Adherence and Efficacy of Exercise Programs in Dialysis Patients. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(9):3175. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17093175

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bogataj, Špela, Maja Pajek, Jadranka Buturović Ponikvar, and Jernej Pajek. 2020. "Outcome Expectations for Exercise and Decisional Balance Questionnaires Predict Adherence and Efficacy of Exercise Programs in Dialysis Patients" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 9: 3175. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17093175

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop