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Article

Nicotine Dependence and Factors Related to Smoking Cessation among Physicians in Estonia

Institute of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of Tartu, Ravila 19, 50411 Tartu, Estonia
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3217; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17093217
Received: 9 April 2020 / Revised: 4 May 2020 / Accepted: 4 May 2020 / Published: 6 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smoking Cessation)
Smoking withdrawal can be difficult due to nicotine dependence (ND). The study objective was to describe ND and to analyze the association between ND and factors related to smoking cessation among daily smoking physicians in Estonia. Data was collected in 2014, using cross-sectional postal survey sampling all practicing physicians (n = 5666) in Estonia, of whom 2939 responded (corrected response rate 53.1%). The study sample was restricted to daily smoking physicians (n = 171). Results of the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) were described and ND scores calculated. Logistic regression was used to determine the association of ND (at-least-moderate vs. low) with factors related to smoking cessation. Crude and fully adjusted ORs with 95% CIs were calculated. The mean FTND score was 2.8 ± 2.1. The odds of having at-least-moderate ND decreased significantly with each year postponing smoking initiation (OR = 0.82, 95% CI 0.72–0.94). After adjustment, ND was no longer associated with the desire to quit smoking and motives to quit. In conclusion, more than half of daily smoking physicians had low ND. Higher ND was associated with younger age of smoking initiation. Knowledge of ND and factors related to smoking cessation is useful in the prevention of smoking and in development of cessation counselling tailored for physicians. View Full-Text
Keywords: smoking; physicians; nicotine dependence; Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence; factors related to smoking cessation; Estonia smoking; physicians; nicotine dependence; Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence; factors related to smoking cessation; Estonia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Põld, M.; Pärna, K. Nicotine Dependence and Factors Related to Smoking Cessation among Physicians in Estonia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3217. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17093217

AMA Style

Põld M, Pärna K. Nicotine Dependence and Factors Related to Smoking Cessation among Physicians in Estonia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(9):3217. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17093217

Chicago/Turabian Style

Põld, Mariliis, and Kersti Pärna. 2020. "Nicotine Dependence and Factors Related to Smoking Cessation among Physicians in Estonia" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 9: 3217. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17093217

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