Next Article in Journal
Barriers and Facilitators Perceived by Spanish Experts Concerning Nursing Research: A Delphi Study
Previous Article in Journal
Factors Associated with Successful Aging among Community-Dwelling Older Adults Based on Ecological System Model
Article

Characteristic Human Individual Puffing Profiles Can Generate More TNCO than ISO and Health Canada Regimes on Smoking Machine When the Same Brand Is Smoked

1
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University, 3581 CD Maastricht, The Netherlands
2
Centre for Health Protection, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), 3721 MA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
3
Office of Risk Assessment and Research, Netherlands Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority (NVWA), 3511 GG Utrecht, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3225; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17093225
Received: 29 February 2020 / Revised: 16 April 2020 / Accepted: 28 April 2020 / Published: 6 May 2020
Human smoking behavior influences exposure to smoke toxicants and is important for risk assessment. In a prospective observational study, the smoking behavior of Marlboro smokers was measured for 36 h. Puff volume, duration, frequency, flow and inter-puff interval were recorded with the portable CReSSmicro™ device, as has often been done by other scientists. However, the use of the CReSSmicro™ device may lead to some registration pitfalls since the method of insertion of the cigarette may influence the data collection. Participants demonstrated consistent individual characteristic puffing behavior over the course of the day, enabling the creation of a personalized puffing profile. These puffing profiles were subsequently used as settings for smoking machine experiments and tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide (TNCO) emissions were generated. The application of human puffing profiles led to TNCO exposures more in the range of Health Canada Intense (HCI)-TNCO emissions than for those of the International Standardization Organization (ISO). Compared to the ISO regime, which applies a low puff volume relative to human smokers, the generation of TNCO may be at least two times higher than when human puffing profiles were applied on the smoking machine. Human smokers showed a higher puffing intensity than HCI and ISO because of higher puffing frequency, which resulted in more puffs per cigarette, than both HCI and ISO. View Full-Text
Keywords: smoking; puffing topography; exposure; TNCO; human study smoking; puffing topography; exposure; TNCO; human study
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Pauwels, C.G.G.M.; Boots, A.W.; Visser, W.F.; Pennings, J.L.A.; Talhout, R.; Van Schooten, F.-J.; Opperhuizen, A. Characteristic Human Individual Puffing Profiles Can Generate More TNCO than ISO and Health Canada Regimes on Smoking Machine When the Same Brand Is Smoked. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3225. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17093225

AMA Style

Pauwels CGGM, Boots AW, Visser WF, Pennings JLA, Talhout R, Van Schooten F-J, Opperhuizen A. Characteristic Human Individual Puffing Profiles Can Generate More TNCO than ISO and Health Canada Regimes on Smoking Machine When the Same Brand Is Smoked. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(9):3225. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17093225

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pauwels, Charlotte G.G.M., Agnes W. Boots, Wouter F. Visser, Jeroen L.A. Pennings, Reinskje Talhout, Frederik-Jan Van Schooten, and Antoon Opperhuizen. 2020. "Characteristic Human Individual Puffing Profiles Can Generate More TNCO than ISO and Health Canada Regimes on Smoking Machine When the Same Brand Is Smoked" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 9: 3225. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17093225

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop