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Article

Environmental and Patient Impact of Applying a Point-of-Care Ultrasound Model in Primary Care: Rural vs. Urban Centres

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Health Promotion in Rural Areas Research Group, Institut Català de la Salut, 08272 Sant Fruitós de Bages, Spain
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Unitat de Suport a la Recerca de la Catalunya Central, Fundació Institut Universitari per a la Recerca a l’Atenció Primària de Salut Jordi Gol i Gurina, 08007 Barcelona, Spain
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Servei d’Atenció Primària Osona, Gerència Territorial de Barcelona, Institut Català de la Salut, 08500 Vic, Barcelona, Spain
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Centre d’Atenció Primària Vic Nord, Gerència Territorial de Barcelona, Institut Català de la Salut, 08500 Vic, Barcelona, Spain
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Centre d’Atenció Primària St. Quirze de Besora, Gerència Territorial de Barcelona, Institut Català de la Salut, 08580 Sant Quirze de Besora, Barcelona, Spain
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Centre d’Atenció Primària Manlleu, Gerència Territorial de Barcelona, Institut Català de la Salut, 08560 Manlleu, Barcelona, Spain
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Centre d’Atenció Primària Sta. Eugènia de Berga, Gerència Territorial de Barcelona, Institut Català de la Salut, 08507 Santa Eugènia de Berga, Barcelona, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3333; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17093333
Received: 21 April 2020 / Revised: 5 May 2020 / Accepted: 7 May 2020 / Published: 11 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social Media and Public Health: Opportunities and Challenges)
Motor vehicles are a major contributor to air pollution, and the exposure to this human-caused air pollution can lead to harmful health effects. This study evaluates the impact of the provision of point-of-care ultrasounds (POCUS) by primary care (PC) to avoid the patient’s need to travel to a specialized service. The study estimates the costs and air pollution avoided during 2019. The results confirm that performing this ultrasound at the point of care reduces the emission of 61.4 gr of carbon monoxide, 14.8 gr of nitric oxide and 2.7 gr of sulfur dioxide on each trip. During the study, an average of 17.8 km, 21.4 min per trip and almost 2000 L of fuel consumed in a year were avoided. Performing POCUS from PC reduces fuel consumption and the emission of air pollutants and also saves time and money. Furthermore, only 0.3% of the scans had to be repeated by radiologists. However, more studies with more participants need to be done to calculate the exact impact that these pollution reductions will have on human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: point-of-care systems; ultrasonography; traffic-related pollution; primary care point-of-care systems; ultrasonography; traffic-related pollution; primary care
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marín-Gomez, F.X.; Mendioroz Peña, J.; Canal Casals, V.; Romero Mendez, M.; Darnés Surroca, A.; Nieto Maclino, A.; Vidal-Alaball, J. Environmental and Patient Impact of Applying a Point-of-Care Ultrasound Model in Primary Care: Rural vs. Urban Centres. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3333. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17093333

AMA Style

Marín-Gomez FX, Mendioroz Peña J, Canal Casals V, Romero Mendez M, Darnés Surroca A, Nieto Maclino A, Vidal-Alaball J. Environmental and Patient Impact of Applying a Point-of-Care Ultrasound Model in Primary Care: Rural vs. Urban Centres. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(9):3333. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17093333

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marín-Gomez, Francesc X., Jacobo Mendioroz Peña, Vicenç Canal Casals, Marcos Romero Mendez, Ana Darnés Surroca, Antoni Nieto Maclino, and Josep Vidal-Alaball. 2020. "Environmental and Patient Impact of Applying a Point-of-Care Ultrasound Model in Primary Care: Rural vs. Urban Centres" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 9: 3333. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17093333

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