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Article

Regular Exercise and Depressive Symptoms in Korean Older Adults

Department of Public Health Science, Graduate School of Public Health and Institute of Health and Environment, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(1), 303; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18010303
Received: 17 December 2020 / Revised: 29 December 2020 / Accepted: 29 December 2020 / Published: 3 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Exercise and Chronic Diseases Prevention)
Prior studies have found that exercise has a positive effect on depressive symptoms in the general population. For older individuals, however, the association between exercise and depressive symptoms is conclusive. We examined whether regular exercise is related to depressive symptoms in 5379 Korean adults aged ≥55 years using data from a 2016 survey administered in the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging. We used the 10-item Center for Epidemiological Studies–Depression scale to assess depressive symptoms. We performed a multivariate logistic regression analysis to investigate the relationship between regular exercise and depressive symptoms, adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, self-rated health, number of chronic diseases, body mass index, hand-grip strength, physical disability, cognitive impairment, and health behavior. Interaction terms, including regular exercise and health-related factors, were also added. We found that a lack of regular exercise was significantly related to an increased frequency of depressive symptoms (OR = 1.18, 95% CI = 1.03–1.35). Moreover, hand-grip strength may increase the effect of regular exercise on depressive symptoms in individuals 65 years and older (OR = 1.01 vs. 1.70, 95% CI = 1.05–1.96). Our results suggest that it is important to encourage older individuals to exercise regularly as a means of relieving depressive symptoms. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise; depression; hand strength; aged exercise; depression; hand strength; aged
MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, Y.-M.; Cho, S.-i. Regular Exercise and Depressive Symptoms in Korean Older Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 303. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18010303

AMA Style

Kim Y-M, Cho S-i. Regular Exercise and Depressive Symptoms in Korean Older Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(1):303. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18010303

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Young-Mee, and Sung-il Cho. 2021. "Regular Exercise and Depressive Symptoms in Korean Older Adults" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 1: 303. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18010303

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