Next Article in Journal
Influence of Socioeconomic Status on SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Spanish Pregnant Women. The MOACC-19 Cohort
Previous Article in Journal
Immobilization of Cadmium by Molecular Sieve and Wollastonite Is Soil pH and Organic Matter Dependent
Article

Effects of Mini-Basketball Training Program on Social Communication Impairment and Executive Control Network in Preschool Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

by 1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 3, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2 and 1,2,4,*
1
College of Physical Education, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225127, China
2
Institute of Sports, Exercise and Brain, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225127, China
3
School of Physical Education and Sports Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100000, China
4
Chinese-Polish Laboratory of Sport and Brain Science, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225127, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maria Esposito
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5132; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18105132
Received: 1 April 2021 / Revised: 29 April 2021 / Accepted: 5 May 2021 / Published: 12 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise for Brain Health in Autism: A Promising Direction)
This study evaluated the effect of a 12-week mini-basketball training program (MBTP) on social communication (SC) and the executive control network (ECN) in preschool children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We finally assigned 30 preschool children with ASD to an experiment group (n = 15, 12 males, 3 females) or a control group (n = 15, 13 males, 2 females). The experiment group participated in a 12-week MBTP (40-min sessions per day, 5 days a week), while the control group only received the institutional routine behavioral rehabilitation intervention. The SC of preschool children with ASD was measured using the Social Responsiveness Scale, Second Edition (SRS-2), whereas functional connectivity (FC) of the ECN was assessed using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) at pre-and post-test. Our results showed that SC exhibited significant improvement in the intervention group, especially in SRS-2 total score, social cognition, and social communication. We found significantly enhanced functional connectivity between the right cerebellum and left inferior frontal gyrus in the experimental group, while functional connectivity between the left middle temporal gyrus and right cerebellum were decreased in the control group. Furthermore, there were no significant correlations between the change in SC scores and FC of the ECN. Altogether, this study provides valuable insights that a 12-week MBTP improves SC and functional connectivity of the ECN in preschool children with ASD. We further inferred that neural mechanisms might be associated with changing the ECN of preschool ASD children caused by the 12-week MBTP. View Full-Text
Keywords: mini-basketball; autism spectrum disorder; social communication; executive control network; functional connectivity mini-basketball; autism spectrum disorder; social communication; executive control network; functional connectivity
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, S.; Liu, Z.; Xiong, X.; Cai, K.; Zhu, L.; Dong, X.; Wang, J.; Zhu, H.; Shi, Y.; Chen, A. Effects of Mini-Basketball Training Program on Social Communication Impairment and Executive Control Network in Preschool Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5132. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18105132

AMA Style

Yang S, Liu Z, Xiong X, Cai K, Zhu L, Dong X, Wang J, Zhu H, Shi Y, Chen A. Effects of Mini-Basketball Training Program on Social Communication Impairment and Executive Control Network in Preschool Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(10):5132. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18105132

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Sixin, Zhimei Liu, Xuan Xiong, Kelong Cai, Lina Zhu, Xiaoxiao Dong, Jingui Wang, Hao Zhu, Yifan Shi, and Aiguo Chen. 2021. "Effects of Mini-Basketball Training Program on Social Communication Impairment and Executive Control Network in Preschool Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 10: 5132. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18105132

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop