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Article

Displacement, Violence, and Mental Health: Evidence from Rohingya Adolescents in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh

Department of Global Health, George Washington University, 950 New Hampshire Ave, Washington, DC 20052, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Estefanía Estévez
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5318; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18105318
Received: 1 March 2021 / Revised: 23 April 2021 / Accepted: 14 May 2021 / Published: 17 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trauma, Coping, and Resilience in Adolescents)
The Rohingya have endured generations of trauma through displacement and targeted violence in Myanmar. Hundreds of thousands have been forced out of the country, with a large proportion settling in refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. This study examines the impacts of exposure to trauma on mental health outcomes among Rohingya adolescents living in Bangladesh. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression are examined as outcomes. The main explanatory variable is a measure of exposure to trauma at two levels of proximity (experiencing and witnessing). Resilience is investigated as a potential effect modifier. Experiencing and witnessing traumatic events are positively and significantly associated with PTSD and depression. However, this effect is only seen for PTSD as a continuous measure, reflecting high rates of low-level PTSD in this population. Resilience is found to reduce the effects of trauma on depression, indicating an effect modification of this relationship. View Full-Text
Keywords: Rohingya; refugee; Bangladesh; displacement; trauma; mental health Rohingya; refugee; Bangladesh; displacement; trauma; mental health
MDPI and ACS Style

O’Connor, K.; Seager, J. Displacement, Violence, and Mental Health: Evidence from Rohingya Adolescents in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5318. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18105318

AMA Style

O’Connor K, Seager J. Displacement, Violence, and Mental Health: Evidence from Rohingya Adolescents in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(10):5318. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18105318

Chicago/Turabian Style

O’Connor, Katherine, and Jennifer Seager. 2021. "Displacement, Violence, and Mental Health: Evidence from Rohingya Adolescents in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 10: 5318. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18105318

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