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Article

Motivation for Physical Activity: Validation of the Dutch Version of the Physical Activity and Leisure Motivation Scale (PALMS)

Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Research Group, Institute of Health Studies, HAN University of Applied Sciences, 6503 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
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Academic Editors: Desirée Valera-Gran and Eva Maria Navarrete-Munoz
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5328; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18105328
Received: 29 April 2021 / Revised: 13 May 2021 / Accepted: 14 May 2021 / Published: 17 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Instruments for Measuring Health)
Understanding motivation for exercise can be helpful in improving levels of physical activity. The Physical Activity and Leisure Motivation Scale (PALMS) measures distinct goal-oriented motivations. In this study selected measurement properties of the Dutch version (PALMS-D) are determined. Forward-backward translation was used for cross-cultural adaptation. Construct validity of the PALMS-D was assessed in five subsamples completing the PALMS-D and the Behavioral Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire (BREQ-3). The study population consisted of five samples recruited from different populations; samples consisted of runners, hockey players, soccer players, participants in medical fitness, and a sedentary group of young adults with low activity. A total of 733 participants completed the questionnaire: 562 athletes and 171 non-athletes. Exploratory for Analysis confirmed the original eight factors. Internal consistency of the subscales was high, except for Others’ expectations. The a priori determined hypotheses related to differences between athletes participating in different sports were confirmed, as well as the hypothesis related to differences between amateur athletes, patients in medical fitness, and non-active participants. It was concluded that the Dutch version of the PALMS is an acceptable questionnaire with which to evaluate the individual motivation of athletes in the Netherlands, and discriminates between different leisure athletes, patients in medical fitness, and non-active youths. View Full-Text
Keywords: Physical Activity and Leisure Motivation Scale (PALMS); motivation; physical activity Physical Activity and Leisure Motivation Scale (PALMS); motivation; physical activity
MDPI and ACS Style

van Lankveld, W.; Linskens, F.; Stolwijk, N. Motivation for Physical Activity: Validation of the Dutch Version of the Physical Activity and Leisure Motivation Scale (PALMS). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5328. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18105328

AMA Style

van Lankveld W, Linskens F, Stolwijk N. Motivation for Physical Activity: Validation of the Dutch Version of the Physical Activity and Leisure Motivation Scale (PALMS). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(10):5328. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18105328

Chicago/Turabian Style

van Lankveld, Wim, Fieke Linskens, and Niki Stolwijk. 2021. "Motivation for Physical Activity: Validation of the Dutch Version of the Physical Activity and Leisure Motivation Scale (PALMS)" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 10: 5328. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18105328

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