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Article

Geography Matters, But… Evolving Success Factors for Nature-Oriented Health Tourism within Selected Alpine Destinations

1
Department of Geography, Ludwig Maximilian University Munich, Luisenstrasse 37, 80333 Munich, Germany
2
Department of Tourism, Munich University of Applied Sciences, Schachenmeierstrasse 35, 80636 Munich, Germany
3
Institute for Regional Development, Eurac Research, Viale Druso 1, 39100 Bolzano, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Johanna Freidl, Daniela Huber and Arnulf Josef Hartl
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5389; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18105389
Received: 20 April 2021 / Revised: 12 May 2021 / Accepted: 17 May 2021 / Published: 18 May 2021
This paper analyzes the success factors of health tourism based on natural attractions in selected European spa and health destinations. The natural resources included in the offers, such as water, salt, and air, play a central role in this context, as their evidence-based effects have a high relevance for the health and wellbeing of tourists. Due to its specific geographical location and considering the threat of climate change, however, this offer is facing increasing challenges which make adaptation strategies necessary. In addition to a conceptional introduction to the topic, this paper contains a descriptive analysis of tourism statistics and the results from self-administered questionnaires with six selected representatives from alpine health destinations (DE, FR, IT, AT, CH, SI). The results show varying forms of health tourism based on natural attractions, which are also reflected in online marketing, with potential for optimization. The web research and the responses to the questionnaire revealed that evidence-based studies hardly play a role in promoting health touristic offers. Furthermore, climate change effects on natural attractions are considered extremely small and tend to prompt the development of new offers. Health destinations are advised to generate a clearer focus on the risks of climate change regarding natural resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: health tourism; natural attraction; man-made attraction; evidence-based products; climate change; adaptation; alpine tourism; Alps health tourism; natural attraction; man-made attraction; evidence-based products; climate change; adaptation; alpine tourism; Alps
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MDPI and ACS Style

Schmude, J.; Pillmayer, M.; Witting, M.; Corradini, P. Geography Matters, But… Evolving Success Factors for Nature-Oriented Health Tourism within Selected Alpine Destinations. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5389. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18105389

AMA Style

Schmude J, Pillmayer M, Witting M, Corradini P. Geography Matters, But… Evolving Success Factors for Nature-Oriented Health Tourism within Selected Alpine Destinations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(10):5389. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18105389

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schmude, Jürgen, Markus Pillmayer, Maximilian Witting, and Philipp Corradini. 2021. "Geography Matters, But… Evolving Success Factors for Nature-Oriented Health Tourism within Selected Alpine Destinations" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 10: 5389. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18105389

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