Next Article in Journal
Treatment Patterns and Pharmacoutilization in Patients Affected by Rheumatoid Arthritis in Italian Settings
Previous Article in Journal
Microaggressions and Coping with Linkages for Mentoring
Previous Article in Special Issue
Spatiotemporal Dynamics of Scrub Typhus in Jiangxi Province, China, from 2006 to 2018
Article

Multidimensional Urban Exposure Analysis of Industrial Chemical Risk Scenarios in Mexican Metropolitan Areas

1
Tecnologico de Monterrey, Escuela de Humanidades y Educación, Torreón 27250, Mexico
2
Centro de Investigación en Ciencias de Información Geoespacial, Aguascalientes 20313, Mexico
3
Tecnologico de Monterrey, Escuela de Arquitectura y Diseño, Atizapan 52926, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Darren Wraith and Susanna Cramb
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(11), 5674; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115674
Received: 31 March 2021 / Revised: 10 May 2021 / Accepted: 14 May 2021 / Published: 26 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spatial Analysis of Environmental Health)
Risk scenarios are caused by the convergence of a hazard with a potentially affected system in a specific place and time. One urban planning goal is to prevent environmental hazards, such as those generated by chemical accidents, from reaching human settlements, as they can cause public health issues. However, in many developing countries, due to their strategic positioning in global value chains, the quick and easy access to labor pools, and competitive production costs, urban sprawls have engulfed industrial areas, exposing residential conurbations to environmental hazards. This case study analyzes the spatial configuration of accidental chemical risk scenarios in three major Mexican metropolitan areas: Mexico City, Guadalajara, and Monterrey. Spatial analyses use an areal locations of hazardous atmosphere (ALOHA) dispersion model to represent the spatial effects of high-risk industrial activities in conurbations and the potentially affected populations vulnerable to chemical hazards. Complementary geostatistical correlation analyses use population data, marginalization indexes, and industrial clustering sectors to identify trends that can lead to comprehensive environmental justice approaches. In addition, the marginalization degree of inhabitants evaluates social inequalities concerning chemical risk scenarios. View Full-Text
Keywords: land use planning; risk scenarios; environmental risk analysis; multidimensional spatial analysis land use planning; risk scenarios; environmental risk analysis; multidimensional spatial analysis
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ortega Montoya, C.Y.; López-Pérez, A.O.; Ugalde Monzalvo, M.; Ruvalcaba Sánchez, M.L.G. Multidimensional Urban Exposure Analysis of Industrial Chemical Risk Scenarios in Mexican Metropolitan Areas. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5674. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115674

AMA Style

Ortega Montoya CY, López-Pérez AO, Ugalde Monzalvo M, Ruvalcaba Sánchez MLG. Multidimensional Urban Exposure Analysis of Industrial Chemical Risk Scenarios in Mexican Metropolitan Areas. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(11):5674. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115674

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ortega Montoya, Claudia Y., Andrés O. López-Pérez, Marisol Ugalde Monzalvo, and Ma. L.G. Ruvalcaba Sánchez 2021. "Multidimensional Urban Exposure Analysis of Industrial Chemical Risk Scenarios in Mexican Metropolitan Areas" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 11: 5674. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115674

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop