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Article

“This Pandemic Is Making Me More Anxious about My Welfare and the Welfare of Others:” COVID-19 Stressors and Mental Health

1
College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Northwest, Fayetteville, AR 72703, USA
2
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA
3
Department of Psychological Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72703, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(11), 5680; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115680
Received: 14 April 2021 / Revised: 20 May 2021 / Accepted: 21 May 2021 / Published: 26 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Mental Health)
COVID-19 and subsequent social distancing guidelines have changed many aspects of people’s daily lives including the way that they interact within their social environment. Pandemics are inherently social phenomena, and public health measures intended to curtail transmission of COVID-19 (e.g., quarantine and social distancing) have consequences for individuals with anxiety and depression. Using qualitative methods, respondents with previously diagnosed anxiety or depression identified ways in which COVID-19 affected their symptoms at multiple levels of the social ecological model (SEM). Key themes reported were organized following the SEM. Emergent themes at the individual level are isolation/loneliness, fear of contracting COVID-19, and uncertainty about the future. Themes at the interpersonal level are: fears of family contracting COVID-19, separation from family members, and domestic relationships. Themes at the level of community and societal stressors are: employment, community and societal systems, media, and the COVID-19 pandemic. Our findings demonstrate the ways that mental health, physical health/safety, and social environments are interrelated in the experience of COVID-19 for individuals diagnosed with anxiety or depression. These findings make a significant contribution to the literature as this is the first article to document mental health stressors related to the COVID-19 pandemic among individuals with diagnosed anxiety and depressive disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; mental health; anxiety and depression; pandemic; stressors; social environment COVID-19; mental health; anxiety and depression; pandemic; stressors; social environment
MDPI and ACS Style

Moore, R.; Zielinski, M.J.; Thompson, R.G., Jr.; Willis, D.E.; Purvis, R.S.; McElfish, P.A. “This Pandemic Is Making Me More Anxious about My Welfare and the Welfare of Others:” COVID-19 Stressors and Mental Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5680. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115680

AMA Style

Moore R, Zielinski MJ, Thompson RG Jr., Willis DE, Purvis RS, McElfish PA. “This Pandemic Is Making Me More Anxious about My Welfare and the Welfare of Others:” COVID-19 Stressors and Mental Health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(11):5680. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115680

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moore, Ramey, Melissa J. Zielinski, Ronald G. Thompson Jr., Don E. Willis, Rachel S. Purvis, and Pearl A. McElfish 2021. "“This Pandemic Is Making Me More Anxious about My Welfare and the Welfare of Others:” COVID-19 Stressors and Mental Health" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 11: 5680. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115680

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